Thomas Jefferson

Events

Revolution of 1800

1800

Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated President John Adams. The election was a realigning election that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican Party rule and the eventual demise of the Federalist Party in the First Party System.

Marbury v Madison

1801

A case decided by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall in 1803. The Court declared unanimously that a certain law passed by Congress should not be enforced, because the law was opposed to the Constitution. Marbury versus Madison established the principle of “judicial review” — that the Supreme Court has the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.

first Barbary Wars Begins

1801

Was the first overseas war fought by the United States. It happened during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

The Louisiana Purchase. U.S. acquisition of the Louisiana territory from France in 1803 for $15 million. The purchase secured American control of the Mississippi river and doubled the size of the nation..

12th Amendment

1804

This amendment states that if no presidential candidate gets a majority of the electoral votes then the House of Representatives decides among the top three.

Non- Importation Act

1806

Was an act passed by the United States Congress on October 28, 1806, which forbade the importation of certain British goods in an attempt to coerce Great Britain to suspend its impressment of American sailors and to respect American sovereignty and neutrality on the high seas.

Leopard and Chesapeake Incident

1807

The American ship Chesapeake refused to allow the British on the Leopard to board to look for deserters. In response, the Leopard fired on the Chesapeake. As a result of the incident, the U.S. expelled all British ships from its waters until Britain issued an apology.

federalists nullify Embargo

1807

Embargo Act

1807

This act issued by Jefferson forbade American trading ships from leaving the U.S. It was meant to force Britain and France to change their policies towards neutral vessels by depriving them of American trade.