Period one

Spain

Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella

1469

Spain Isabella of Castile

1474 - 1504

Introduction of Inquisition

1478

Ferdinand of Aragon

1479 - 1516

Italy

Duchy of Milan: The Viscontis

1311 - 1447

Renaissance in Italy

1375 - 1527

Rebirth in Italy that focused on classical thought and humanistic ideas

Florence: Cosimo de' Medici

1434 - 1464

Duchy of Milan: The Sforzas

1450 - 1494

Peace of Lodi

1454

Florence: Lorenzo de' Medici

1469 - 1492

Beginning of Italian Wars- French invasion

1494

Sack of Rome

1527

France

France: Charles VII

1422 - 1461

France: Louis XI the Spider

1461 - 1483

England

England: War of Roses

1450 - 1485

England: Henry VII

1485 - 1509