Europa

Events

European Economic Community

1957

The Treaty of Rome creates the European Economic Community (EEC), or ‘Common Market’

A period of economic growth

1960 - 1969

EU countries stop charging custom duties when they trade with each other.

A growing Community – the first enlargement

1970 - 1979

Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Union on 1 January 1973, raising the number of Member States to nine.

Single European Act is signed

1986

A Europe without frontiers

1990 - 1999

The Single Market is completed with the 'four freedoms' of: movement of goods, services, people and money.

East and West Germany are united

1990

East and West Germany are united in October 1990

The political divisions between east and west Europe

2004

The political divisions between east and west Europe are finally declared healed when no fewer than 10 new countries join the EU in 2004

Financial crisis

2008

A financial crisis hits the global economy in September 2008

The Treaty of Lisbon is ratified by all EU countries

2009

The Treaty of Lisbon is ratified by all EU countries before entering into force in 2009

Nobel Peace Prize

2012

In 2012, the European Union is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize