The Early Modern Era (1450-1750)


The Fall of Constantinople


Ottomans defeated Constantinople allowing them to have full control of the Balkans

Columbus travels to new world


Columbus sails from Spain with 3 ships : the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.

Treaty of Tordesillias


The Pope gave Spain the western hemisphere and Portugal the eastern hemisphere with the exceptions of the Philippines and Brazil

First slaves


First slaves in America from Africa

The 95 theses


Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church. This started the Reformation and the Protestant religion.

The Reformation

1517 - 1648

Started with the 95 Theses and ended with the 30 years' war. Reformers questioned the Catholic Church's ability to define Christian practice.

Spain conquers Mexico


Cortes conquers Tenochtitlán and executes Aztec ruler. He claims Mexico for Spain.

The Scientific Revolution

1550 - 1700

Allowed for development of physics, calculus, and astronomy. Started with Copernicus and ended with Newton.

Battle of Sekigahara


Led to the unification of Japan, began the Tokugawa rule.

East India Company


Gained territory in India and traded spices with Dutch, French, and British

30 years war


War between Christians and Protestants that involved some of the great European powers.

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

Lous XIV

1643 - 1715

Louis XIV's Reign


He was the last absolute ruler of France.

The Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Philosophical and political movement, led to American and French Revolution. Wanted to inform the public on ideals such as tolerance and separating church and state.

Battle of Vienna


The Battle of Vienna was fought between the Ottomans and various powers for control of Vienna.