French Revolution Timeline

Events

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

∙Ruled France for 72 years, from 1643-1715
∙Nicknamed the sun king because he was the most powerful king, and was as powerful as the sun.
∙Built the luxurious-isolated Palace of Versailles

Louis XVi

1774 - 1792

∙Ruled France from May 10, 1774- September 4, 1792. He was the last king of France before the French Revolution.
∙First part of reign was marked by attempting to reform France in agreement with Enlightenment ideas. This included efforts to abolish serfdom, remove taille and increase tolerance toward non-Catholics.
∙Louis’s secret dealings and counter-revolutionary intrigues was discover. Him and his family were charged with treason. Louis was found guilty and immediately condemned to death.

Marie Antoinette

1774 - 1791

∙At the age of 14, Marie married Louis XVI, she was the youngest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I.
∙Made a good impression on France people at first. Even though the marriage had sealed an alliance between Austria and France, the two nations had often been at war.
∙Marie was still a teeenager when she became a queen in 1774. She had no education or experience on which to bad her judgment

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783
  • The French engaged in a wars with Austria, Italy and Egypt
  • Left a lot of European leaders divided whether to support or oppose the revolution
  • France was losing a majority of the battle in the start of the wars but with the help of everyday people who decided to help the fight they eventually won.

Estates General

1789
  • Gave all 3 estates equal voting right.
  • Was a corrupt system because 1st and 2nd estate (who usually had similar interest) could always outvote 3rd estate.
  • Could always keep the 3rd estate at the bottom of society because they would never win any tax votes.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

1789
  • Was passed by the National assembly on August 26th 1789.
  • Laid out basic rights that were above the authority of the government.
  • Guaranteed equality to all citizens.
  • Did not include everyone; women, slaves, non Catholics and those who did not own property.

The March on Versailles

1789
  • People wanted the king to deal with food crises (the high price of bread).
  • Demanded that the royal family to move to Paris to experience reality.
  • On October 5th a mob of women (and men) marched 22 km to the palace of Versailles.

The Enlightenment

1789
  • Philosophes met to discuss ideas about history, society, politics and solutions to social problems.
  • Made scientific and human intelligence the foundation of knowledge.
  • Philosophes wanted to improve society.
  • Many of them favoured the idea of democracy rather than the absolute monarch.

The Constitution of 1791

1791
  • All noble titles declared obsolete.
  • Every person in France was given the title citizen.
  • tried to establish new government but was doomed to fail because there were too many different groups wanting absolute power.

Maximilien de Robespierre : Leader of the Reign of Terror

1792
  • Believed deeply in the French revolution (leader of the reign of terror).
  • Those who challenged him were guillotined (17000-30000 people were executed under his year of rule).
  • Arrested and executed on July 28th 1794.

The Directory

1795 - 1799
  • Was a reorganisation of the government in 1795.
  • Was a effort to try and copy the British and American government.
  • Gave political power to those who owned property.
  • Equality no longer existed because only those with property could vote.