They created the first calendar based on sun and stars rather than the moon.
The pyramids they built was based on the knowledge of the sun and constellations.
dates back to Akkadians to be the first people to have kept astronomical data
1st Recorded solar eclipse
Akkadians were the first people to have kept astronomical records
Astronomer-priests used the records of the Akkadians to predict the motion of the Sun, Earth, Moon, and Stars.
Oldest civilization with astronomical records.
Creation of the Book of Silk which is the atlas of the coments
1st people to navigate to Oceans , used stars to guide them.
The sun Marked their days.
Stars Guided them at night, which started that trend.
Stars had Myths behind them
--- Myths behind the starts was the founding story of the Polynesian culture.