Canada needed more troops, so they decided that forcing Canadians to enlist into the military, even the the French Canadians that didn't want anything to do with the war.
This caused great divison amoung the people of canada. French-Canadians, farmers, unionized workers, non-British immigrants, and other Canadians, disagreed with the measure. English-speaking Canadians, British immigrants, the families of soldiers and older Canadians, supported the measure.
The results of conscription ( new word for me ) polarized provinces, ethnic and linguistic groups, communities, and families. It had long lasting political effects on the country as a whole.
Although it was something that divided the country to great measures, we must look at the bright side. The war was won. But it wasn't the last.