CTE Timeline

Early Beginnings of Career and Technical Education

Roman Era - Skills acquired through family apprenticeships.

753 BC - 739 AD

Aristotle - Education is central to being a fulfilled person.

384 BC - 322 BC

Middle Ages - Guilds of sklled artisans provided educatonal opportunities.

300 AD - 1300 AD

The Renaissance - Martin Luther's concept - merging academic + trade education.

1300 AD - 1550 AD

Reformation - Notice was taken of the common man's education.

1517 AD - 1555 AD

Early European Contributors to Education

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi - Hands, Heart, and Head

January 12, 1746 - February 17, 1827

Francis Joseph Nicholas Neef - Brought the Pestalozzi method to America

1770 AD - 1854 AD

Phillip Emanuel von Fellenberg - Education of all social classes.

June 27, 1771 - November 21, 1844

Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus Froebel - Founder of Kindergarten

April 21, 1782 - June 21, 1852

Education in the United States - The Labor Movement

Educated Labor Force, Technical Institutes, Agriculture and Mechanical Colleges

1768 - 1899

Major American influencers of the late 1800's

John D. Runkle - Pres. MIT - Influenced by Russian Ed. - Manual Training + Art.

1822 - 1902

E. E. White - 1/2 of school day - Technical Labor and 1/2 for regular education.

1829 - 1902

William T. Harris - U.S. Commissioner of Ed. - Industrial Ed 2nd to humanities.

1835 - 1909

Calvin M. Woodward - St. Louis Manual Training School of Washington University

1879 - 1915

National Assc. of Manufacturers 1895 - Indust. Ed. for international markets.

1895

United States Education in the 1900's

1906 - National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education (NSPIE)

1906

Douglas Commission of 1906 - Support for trades training in Industrial Ed.

1906

Pr. Roosevelt 1907 urged Congress - Industr. Ed. in urban and Agr. Ed. in rural.

1907

Mississippi Valley Conference of 1909 - Manual training teachers + organizers.

November, 1909

* Federal Board of Vocatonal Education

1917

Smith Hughes Act of 1917 signed into law by Pres. Woodrow Wilson

1917

* Required states to have Vocational Ed. Boards and provide matching funds.

November, 1917

1925 - The American Vocational Association is founded

1925

* 1925-1926 First Fed. funding of Vocational Ed. - $1.7M increasing to $7.2M.

1925

1929 - George-Reed Act extends/amends Smith-Hughes Act - Adds Home Ec.

1929

1935 - George-Ellzey Act replacesGeorge-Reed Act adds $ for teachers

1935

1936 - George-Deen Act - $14.5M for Vocational Education

1936

1939 - American Industrial Arts Assc. (AIAA), in 1942 becomes National Ed. Assc.

1939 - 1942

1940 - Vocational Training for War Workers Program is created

1940

1945 - Distributive Ed. assigned to Trades & Industries Division.

1945

1946 - George-Barden Act doubles $s for Voc. Ed. - benefits vocational agri.

1946

1947 - Distributive Education Clubs of America (DECA) is formed

1947

1951 - House Bill to end all $ for Distributive Education narrowly thwarted.

1951

1954 - Future Business Leaders of America is chartered in Oklahoma

1954

1955 - First National Leadership Development Conf. at Colorado A&M.

1955

1956 - Health Amendment to George-Barden Act adds practical nurses to Voc. Ed.

1956

1961 - Pres. J. Kennedy - Area Redevelopment Act, targets unemployed - training.

1961

1962 - Manpower Development and Training Act advanced technical training.

1962

1963 - National Education Improvement Act expands federal role in Voc. Ed.

1963

1963 - Vocational Education Act signed into law by Pres. L.B. Johnson.

1963

^ Carl D. Perkins Vocatonal Ed. Advocate - Chairman of House Ed. & Labor Comm.

1967

^ Vocational Ed. Amendments of '68 reorder purposes + nature of Voc. Ed.

1968

^ Amendments to Voc. Ed. Act in 1968 authorize $800M only $365M spent.

1968

^ Amendments to Voc. Ed. of 1976 to decrease discrimination.

1976

1981 - Jackson's Mill Industrial Arts Curriculum Theory

1981

Industrial Arts as a comprehensive study and included the four-element formula of education, technology, industry and society.

1984 - Perkins Vocational Ed. Act - Increases, and special needs populations.

1984 - 1990

+ 1990 - Perkins Voc. & Applied Tech. Ed. Act

Feb., 1990

++ Reauthorized Perkins Act of '84 - Increased funding through 1995 to $1.6B

March 1990

++ Emphasized the integration of vocational and academic instruction.

April 1990

++ Strengthened provisions for disadvantaged, disabled, special populations.

May 1990

++ "Tech Prep" program instituted.

June 1990

1994 - School-to-Work Opportunities Act.

1994

++ 1995 Perkins Expires - Congress controversy - approprations extended.

October 1995

++ 1998 - Perkins Act of 1998 - Reauthorized in 1997 but not signed until 1998.

October 31, 1998

+++ Offers greater use/flexibilty of federal funds for vocational education.

November 1998

+++ Maintains vocational education as a separate educational system.

December 1998

+++ "Tech Prep" and academic-vocational integration in instruction continued.

January 1999

+++ Simplified and streamlined requirements.

Feb 1999

* Associated with the Smith Hughes Act of 1917

^ Associated with the Vocational Education Act of 1963

+ Associated with Perkins 1984

++ Associated with Perkins 1990

+++ Associated with Perkins 1998