inmates endured hard labor during day and communal dinner at night to prevent bad mental state. Out of 80 inmates put in solitary confinement, most committed suicide or mental breakdowns.
New York state opened its first penitentiary in recognition of the mentally ill
Auburn prison: many inmates had severe mental breakdowns or committed suicide
set up by Louis Dwight, had officials check prisons periodically. Did not help much but lead to more reforms
conditions got better, less cruel punishments, beginning of the idea that society causes crimes
US has two of the best prisons in the world
Dorothea Dix observed mentally ill, lobbied and helped establish five state hospitals for the mentally ill.
First public psychiatric hospital in Williamsburg, Virginia
Dix’s influence resulted in the Bill of Benefit for the Indigent Insane
Dix convinces pope to examine cruel treatment of the mentally ill. Gained sympathy from Christian people