History of Physical Education

Events

Introduction of PE in Schools

Approx. 1820 - Present

American schools began to adopt the European tradition of teaching gymnastics and calisthenics in schools. Students learned about physical health through required classes in primary and secondary schools.

First Time Physical Education was Offered as a Class

1823

Round Hill School, MA

First Time School District Required PE

1855

Cincinnati School District made a class on physical education a requirement

Dewey Challenges Education

1890

John Dewey said education should be expanded to include PE

Teacher Training

Approx. 1900

Public school teachers began to be trained in order to teach PE

Regulation

1906

Began officially regulating sporting events

Creation of NCAA

1906 - Present

Allowed for a rise in sports popularity in American colleges due to increased athletic funding.

Athletic Scholarships

1910

Introduced sports-based college scholarships to schools noted by the NCAA

Conduction of First Sport Championship

1921

Held a national Track and Field competition

Sport Divisions

1970

Schools became divided into D1, D2 and D3

Federal Education Act: Title IX

1972 - Present

Prohibited gender discrimination in any educational program or activity receiving federal funding. Increased amount of females playing in school sports.

Creation of OCR

1975

Made to regulate sport programs

Increased Female Athletic Participation

1980

In schools

Civil Rights Restoration Act

1988

Created in conjunction with Title IX

NCAA Court Case

1999

NCAA sued for discriminating against women despite Title IX

Rise in Obesity

Approx. 2000

Increased need for PE

Modern Physical Education

Approx. 2000 - Present

Now, PE is much different- it is typically a graduation requirement, and teaches much more than how to exercise.

Requirements

2001

Typically must be taken freshman year

Focus on Health

2005

Programs taught not only exercise but also health and anatomy

Increased Participation in School Sports

2010

About 55% play a sport