American schools began to adopt the European tradition of teaching gymnastics and calisthenics in schools. Students learned about physical health through required classes in primary and secondary schools.
Round Hill School, MA
Cincinnati School District made a class on physical education a requirement
John Dewey said education should be expanded to include PE
Public school teachers began to be trained in order to teach PE
Allowed for a rise in sports popularity in American colleges due to increased athletic funding.
Began officially regulating sporting events
Introduced sports-based college scholarships to schools noted by the NCAA
Held a national Track and Field competition
Schools became divided into D1, D2 and D3
Prohibited gender discrimination in any educational program or activity receiving federal funding. Increased amount of females playing in school sports.
Made to regulate sport programs
Created in conjunction with Title IX
NCAA sued for discriminating against women despite Title IX
Now, PE is much different- it is typically a graduation requirement, and teaches much more than how to exercise.
Increased need for PE
Typically must be taken freshman year
Programs taught not only exercise but also health and anatomy
About 55% play a sport