AP European History Timeline

Events

Minoan Civilization

3100 BC - 1100 BC

Greek Dark Age

1150 BC - 750 BC

Solon creates democracy

594 BC

Babylonians conquer Jews

587 BC - 538 BC

Edict of Cyprus

539 BC

Diaspora of Jews

Clisthenes becomes un-tyrannical

520 BC

Battle of marathon

490 BC

Battle of Thermopylae

480 BC

Plato

429 BC - 347 BC

Peace of Nicia

421 BC

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Alexander the Great

356 BC - 323 BC

Hellenistic Greece

323 BC - 146 BC

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

Mohammad the prophet

571 - 632

Founding of Islam by Mohammed

622

Battle of Tours

732

Stopped Muslims invasion of Europe

Vladimir of kiev

950 - 1015

Yaroslav I (Yaroslav the Wise)

1016 - 1054

Crusades

1095 - 1291

Mongolian invasion of Russia

1223

Siege of Kiev

1240

Mongol Rule

1243 - 1480

Dante Alighieri

1265 - 1321

Papal Bull: Unam Sanctam

1302

One church/ One visible/ Divine institution

Francisco Petrach

1304 - 1374

'father of humanism'

Clement V Avignon papacy

1305 - 1314

Little Ice Age

1306 - 1317

Frigid winter to famine

Avignon Papacy/Babylonian Captivity

1309 - 1377

French control of papacy in Avignon

Giovanni Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

John Wycliffe

1320 - 1384

100 Years War

1337 - 1453

117 year war between England and France for French lands

Battle of Crecy

1346

Black Plague

1347 - 1352

Plague that wiped out 1/3 of Europe's population

Southern European Renaissance

1350 - 1527

Rebirth of classical cultures in Southern italy

Peace of Bretigny- Calais

1360

Christine De pisan

1363 - 1434

Leonardi Bruni

1370 - 1444

Great Western Schism

1378 - 1417

Prince Henry the navigator

1394 - 1460

John Hus

1403 - 1431

Formed the Hussites, who were one of first Protestant groups

Council of Pisa

1409

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Denounced both popes at time, replaced them with Martin V

Treaty of Troyes

1420

Siege of orleans

1429

Printing Press

1440

Invented by Gutenberg

Ivan the great

1440 - 1505

Northern European Renaissance

1450 - 1650

Rethinking of culture in northern Europe: Very evident in art forms of the time

Bartholomew Dias

1450 - 1500

Rounded Cape of Good hope in 1487

Treaty of Lodi

1454

Desiderius Erasmus

1466 - 1534

Northern Humanist who supported Religous freedom

Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Wrote The prince

Vasco de gama

1469 - 1525

landed in Calicut. India in 1498

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

proposed heliocentric model

pizarro

1478 - 1541

Baldassare Castiglione

1478 - 1529

Rule of Charles VIII

1483 - 1493

Tudor rule of England

1485 - 1603

Hernando Cortes

1485 - 1547

Discovery of New World

1492

Columbus discovers New World

African Slave trade

1500 - 1800

King Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

Formed Anglican church of England

Encomienda System established

1512

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Reform of the Catholic Church that led to Protestantism across Europe

95 theses

1517

Beginning of reformation

Aztecs conquered

1519 - 1521

Diet of Worms

1521

Declared Lutherans outlaws in HRE

Calvinism

1530

Beginning of the movement of Calvinism

Pizzaro conquers Incas

1532

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Attempted to stop Protestantism, ultimately failed

Rule of Mary I of England

1553 - 1558

Disliked Catholic ruler who murdered Protestants for their religion

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Holy Roman princes could choose their kingdoms religion.

French Wars of Religion

1562 - 1598

Fights between French Huguenots and Catholics. resulted in Edict of nantes

James I of England

1567 - 1625

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Caused by Catherine de Medici, it caused the deaths of over 10,000 French huguenots

Spanish Armada attacks

1588

Failed Spanish invasion of England

Edict of nantes

1598

Gave French Huguenots freedom of religion, while living in an officially Catholic France

Louis XIII

1610 - 1643

Absolute monarch of France, involved in 30 years war

Bohemian Phase of 30 Years War

1618 - 1625

30 Years war

1618 - 1648

4 stage war between Catholic and Protestants which ended with Treaty of Westphalia

Danish Phase

1625 - 1629

Charles I of England

1625 - 1649

Mainly responsible for English civil War

Swedish Phase

1630 - 1635

French phase of 30 years war

1635 - 1648

English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Centralized French government by maintaining nobles in his palace, won successful wars, revoked Edict of Nantes

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Glorius Revolution

1688

Dethroned James II and put his daughter Mary on the throne

War of Spanish Succession

1702 - 1713

Fought to contain the power of Louis XIV, who would be in charge of large areas of land. England, with many others, resisted and declared war

Frederick II The Great of Prussia

1740 - 1786

great military leader of Prussia in 18th century