Marine Biology History Timeline

Events

U.S. Coast Survey

1807

President Thomas Jefferson signs a bill authorizing the United States Coast Survey.

Coral Atolls Explained

1842

Charles Darwin publishes a paper suggesting that coral atolls are the final stage in the subsidence and erosion of volcanic islands.

Undersea Canyons

1857

James Alden discovers the first known submarine valley, California's Monterey Canyon.

Life in the Deep Sea

1868

Charles Wyuille Thomson, dredging from the HMS Lighting, finds sea at 4,389 meters (14,400 feet) shattering previous theories that the sea was lifeless below 549 meters (1,800 meters)

Marine Research and Oceanography

1872 - 1876

H.M.S. Challenger circles the globe conducting research for the Royal society for London, laying the groundwork for modern oceanography.

Early Marine Survey of the Americas

1872

Naturalist Louis Agassiz steams from the U.S. East Coast to it's west coast around South America, collecting some 30,000 marine specimens.

The First Oceanography Research Vessel

1882

The U.S. fisheries commission steamer albatross begins operations 2014 the first ship built to serve as an oceanography research vessel.

Marine survey of the South Pacifics

1899 - 1905

Alexander Agassiz makes long research voyages to the south pacific, collecting data and speciement from remote ocean regions.