Influenced by Henry Clay, it was designed to protect Northern Industries from inexpensive British goods, raising taxes dramatically. Southern states disagreed with the tax because it raised rates on products almost 30%.
Designed to protect industries in the North and western products from foreign competition by placing taxes on foreign goods; made living more expensive in the South. Many southern democrats angry, John C. Calhoun made the South Carolina Exposition and Protest calling for nullification of the tax.
Written unanimously by John C. Calhoun, it was a response to the tariff of abominations that reinforced the idea of nullification and claimed the tariff to be unconstitutional and that the states have a right to nullify the tariff.
Passed to reduce the existing tax rates to help solve and relieve the conflict of the tariff of abominations. Southerners till mad and angry because their economy was suffering from the high priced goods, still saw the tariffs as unconstitutional.
South Carolina was the most upset of the tariffs being placed and in response to the increase in prices of goods, they declared they had the right to nullify the tariffs and any law passed by government.
In response to the South Carolina's nullification of the tariffs, Jackson responded by stating that states do not have the right to nullify a federal law that they believe is unconstitutional.
In response to Jackson dismissing South Carolina's nullification proclamation, Hayne's claimed that if a state is being oppressed by a law, that state can deem the law unconstitutional and void. He countered Jackson's response to sending troops to South Carolina by continuing to nullify the federal tariffs due to the South's anger about these taxes.
In response to South Carolina's claim for nullification, it allowed for President Jackson to issue federal troops to forcefully enforce any law, and in this case tariffs, in act of nullification in states.
Still angry about the tariffs and their economy taking a hit, the South Carolina convention reconvened in response to their nullification ordinance being dismissed. They called for a repeal on their nullification of the tariffs that were placed to protect Northern industries to try to have power to nullify those tariffs.
Issued by Henry Clay in order to seek a resolution for the conflict of the protective tariffs between the Northern and Southern sates. It claimed that tariff taxes would be removed by 10% each year. South Carolina was still upset that they could not nullify these tariffs. The compromise also included California entering the Union as a free state, the fugitive slave act was amended, the slave trade in D.C. was abolished, and a territorial government was created in Utah.