Civilizations

Events

Early Agricultural Societies

8000 BCE - 3500 BCE

Everyone was considered hunters and gatherers. They used skills to capture and Kill animals. They also learned how to pick out poisonous and edible plants. They used such thing as stones to make weapons.

Mesopotamia

6000 BCE - 4000 BCE

Now people are transitioning into more agricultural civilizations. Developed in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Good for farming, also began to trade, and developed Cuneiform system.

Egypt

3100 BCE - 1200 BCE

Egypt was considered "Gift of the Nile". There was an upper and lower Egypt because the Nile used to flood. They developed the calendar and used copper, hieroglyphics, and the wheel.

Old Kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

Everyone was told what to do, the Egyptians were told to build pyramids during this time period. They built many until a man named Menes tried to bring everyone together.

Middle Kingdom

2100 BCE - 1800 BCE

They tried to make it more about the people. Towards the end of the civilization, the Nobles were fighting, the government was weak, and they got invaded.

New Kingdom

2100 BCE - 1800 BCE

They conquered Africa and the Middle East. Once they got setteled, they broke into small kingdoms, which got stolen. They developed their own social class, and everyone basically stayed in the same social class unless married into higher ranking.

Iron Age

1900 BCE - 1400 BCE

Now there are starting to be better tools and less farmers. There are four river valleys.

Assyrians

1900 BCE

Ruled by King Assurbanipal and built the first library. The people were nomads, which meant they traveled. They were really smart but also very harsh. They settled in Tigris River Valley and had a low amount of people, which allowed a harsh army.

Babylonians

1830 BCE - 1500 BCE

Reunited in Mesopotamia in 1830BCE. King Hammurabi was the leader at this time. He had 282 laws developed, and the motto was "an eye for an eye". With his aggression he conquered Akkad and Assyria. The economy relied on wool, farming, and trade.

Hittites

1550 BCE

The Hittites were the first to be able to make iron, but they became lazy and revealed their secret, so they got destroyed.

Chassical China- Zhou dynasty

1029 BCE - 258 BCE

This was China's longest dynasty. King Wen brought them wisdom and after he was put into jail King Wu took over. Defeating the Shang's army. They introduced the Mandate of Heaven and allowed different rulers.

The Classical Era

1000 BCE - 600 BCE

New beliefs systems were starting to form. People were now either Buddhist or Christians. The number of empires and states started to grow. People were smarter now, so they created roads, better social pyramids, and military officers.

Solon

594 BC

Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.

Pisistratus

560 BC

Tyrant of ancient Athens. The people voted him use of a bodyguard of citizens armed with clubs, with the aid of which he seized the Acropolis and held power. Power was seized by force and land was given to the poor.

Persians

550 BC

The Persian Empire was the largest Empire that had ever been established. The Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. They had 3 different stages: The Achaemenid Empire, Parthin Empire, and Sassanid Empire.

The Roman Republic

509 BC - 45 BC

A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower-class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government. Both men and women were citizens in the Roman Republic, but only men could vote.

Medes and Chaldeans

500 BCE

They rebuilt the city of Babylon. Their ruler was very cocky but had a very nice structure. They built two walls, and walled farms to keep intruders out.

The Persian Wars

499 BCE - 479 BC

the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions. Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the Wars, these were at Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

The Athens tried to keep Persians out by building a city wall, so Persia trapped them in. This war lasted about 27 years so they asked the Spartan for help. This then leads to Alexander the Great making Athens surrender and he took over the land.

Hellenistic Period

336 BCE - 30 BCE

Alexander the Great conquered the Middle East, India, and Egypt. He combined all their strengths together and started a strong foundation. He built things as the light house, which meant traveling at night.

Maurya Empire

322 BCE - 187 BCE

The Maurya Empire ruled by the Mauryan dynasty, was a geographically extensive and powerful political and military empire in ancient India.

The Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place.

Qin Dynsty

221 BC - Approx. 206

The Qin dynasty is the first established in China. Though it didn't last long, it shaped the rest of the civilization's for the rest of China.

Han dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

This dynasty was one of the longest dynastys. It was consdered the golded age, because of their specilaties such as art, politics, and technology. Their biggest accomplishment was the opening of the Silk Road.

Constance & Christianity Rome

313 ce

Constantine adopted Christianity and it became tolerated in Roman Empire

Post Classical Period

600 - 1450 C.E

After the Classical period of Ancient Greece and Rome.

Islam Comes Into Africa

610 C.E

Trade between the eastern coast of Africa and the Middle East leads to the spread of ideas. Islam and its culture work its way inland from the coast and becomes a big part of African culture

Start of Tang Dynasty

618 C.E

Li Yuan gains power in a mass rebellion and rules over China as Gaozang. China was one of the most prosperous nations at the time.

Islam Is Founded

622 C.E

Muhammad gets a vision of the real god. Because of this, him and his followers take the Hijra by traveling from Mecca to Medina. This is where the spread of Islam will begin

Arabs Invade the Byzantine Empire

634 C.E

Arab caliphates take large portions of land that was once part of the Byzantine Empire. The Umayyad Caliphate will ultimately fail to conquer Constantinople, but at least they tried

Korea's Independence from Tang Dynasty

668 C.E

Before Korea gained full independence, they were known as the Three Kingdom period. They were constant rivals with strong alliances. Goguryeo, tried to dominate North Korea and failed due to North Koreas agricultural innovations and strong neighbors.

Islam Incursions and Raids in India

711 C.E

During this time many people followed Hinduism and believed in many gods. Muslin beliefs were spread on foot and when Shakara came to India he influenced many people to become Muslims and believe in one god.

Islam Empire Defeated Arabs

718 C.E

When the war first began, he Muslims were losing. Many of Muhammad's soldiers were losing faith because of their many losses. Muhammad reminded them to keep faith in god and they'll be okay. They did that and one then later gained an alliance.

Printing Press Invented In China

730 C.E

Although printing press is first invented in China, it will not see very big popularity until Gutenburg uses it in Europe

Decline Of Mayan Civilization

900 C.E

Many cities in the Mayan civilization mysteriously become abandoned, ultimately leading to the end of the Mayan civilization

End of Tang Dynasty

907

The dynasty was interrupted briefly by the Second Zhou Dynasty when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, becoming the only Chinese empress regnant, ruling in her own right.

Song Dynasty

960 CE - 1279 CE

Smaller than the Tang due to nomadic invaders taking over a portion of the land. China's bureaucracy expanded and education improved. The extensive bureaucracy was too expensive and hurt the Song, and could not manage the army properly, further weakening the Song.

Russia Took Byzantine Influence

1000 C.E

They took Byzantine influence and converted to East Orthodoxy. They then made their own Russian Orthodox Religion

Great Schism

1054 C.E

The separation of the church into the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church, similar to the original separation on the Roman empire

First Crusade

1095 C.E

The first of many failed attempts to recapture the holy land from the Muslims. Pope Urban the Second sent men East to fight

Chinggis Khan Begins Mongol Conquests

1206 C.E

Chinggis Khan conquers and unites many northeastern nomadic tribes and forms a strong invading force that would cause problems for the entire Eurasian steppe

Mongols Sack Baghdad

1258 C.E

The Abbasid Caliphate is over, and thus ends the "Islamic Golden Age"

Time of Marco Polo: China Influences Europe

1275 - 1295 C.E

The Silk Road provides big boosts in cultural, intellectual, and economicaltrade between Europe and Asia. This leads to the spread of ideas like the production of silk and possibly the Gutenburg Printing Press later on

Timbuktu becomes An Intellectual Center

1324 C.E

After Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca, word of him made him famous, and therefore, his town. This new popularity brought many intellectuals and the founding of a university. Along with this came the continual spread of Muslim culture.

The Travels Of Ibn Battuta

1325 - 1349 C.E

Ibn Battuta visited most of the Muslim world and even explores parts of the non-muslim world. He wrote "A Gift to those who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Traveling" to share his experience

Bubonic Plague

1347 - 1348

A sick plague from fleas on rats on trading ships from the east. This causes, among other things, great changes in religion, culture, and the economy in Europe. It also wipes out upwards of one third of the population at the time

Inca Empire Rises

1350

The Inca began their rein in the year 1350.c.e. The Inca were a loose confederation of tribes ruled by a royal family. The Inca was a costal empire that at its peak covered an area close to two million square kilometers stretching along South America’s eastern coast from nowadays Quito, Ecuador to Santiago, Chile. They created a road system that allowed them to travel and communicate across the empire.

Collapse of the Byzantine empire

1450 C.E

The Byzantines are conquered by the Ottoman empire that would come to rule up until the 1900's

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

During this time people like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry Viii questioned the Catholic Church's ability to define Christian practice. They had many arguments but the main one was religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of the bible.

Enlightenment

1689 - 1804

This is the time of the thirty year war, ending with the French Revolution. The Enlightenment helped spark a better government, religion and a better view of aesthetics.