Everyone was considered hunters and gatherers. They used skills to capture and Kill animals. They also learned how to pick out poisonous and edible plants. They used such thing as stones to make weapons.
Now people are transitioning into more agricultural civilizations. Developed in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Good for farming, also began to trade, and developed Cuneiform system.
Egypt was considered "Gift of the Nile". There was an upper and lower Egypt because the Nile used to flood. They developed the calendar and used copper, hieroglyphics, and the wheel.
Everyone was told what to do, the Egyptians were told to build pyramids during this time period. They built many until a man named Menes tried to bring everyone together.
They tried to make it more about the people. Towards the end of the civilization, the Nobles were fighting, the government was weak, and they got invaded.
They conquered Africa and the Middle East. Once they got setteled, they broke into small kingdoms, which got stolen. They developed their own social class, and everyone basically stayed in the same social class unless married into higher ranking.
Now there are starting to be better tools and less farmers. There are four river valleys.
Ruled by King Assurbanipal and built the first library. The people were nomads, which meant they traveled. They were really smart but also very harsh. They settled in Tigris River Valley and had a low amount of people, which allowed a harsh army.
Reunited in Mesopotamia in 1830BCE. King Hammurabi was the leader at this time. He had 282 laws developed, and the motto was "an eye for an eye". With his aggression he conquered Akkad and Assyria. The economy relied on wool, farming, and trade.
The Hittites were the first to be able to make iron, but they became lazy and revealed their secret, so they got destroyed.
This was China's longest dynasty. King Wen brought them wisdom and after he was put into jail King Wu took over. Defeating the Shang's army. They introduced the Mandate of Heaven and allowed different rulers.
New beliefs systems were starting to form. People were now either Buddhist or Christians. The number of empires and states started to grow. People were smarter now, so they created roads, better social pyramids, and military officers.
Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
Tyrant of ancient Athens. The people voted him use of a bodyguard of citizens armed with clubs, with the aid of which he seized the Acropolis and held power. Power was seized by force and land was given to the poor.
The Persian Empire was the largest Empire that had ever been established. The Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. They had 3 different stages: The Achaemenid Empire, Parthin Empire, and Sassanid Empire.
A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower-class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government. Both men and women were citizens in the Roman Republic, but only men could vote.
They rebuilt the city of Babylon. Their ruler was very cocky but had a very nice structure. They built two walls, and walled farms to keep intruders out.
the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions. Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the Wars, these were at Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.
The Athens tried to keep Persians out by building a city wall, so Persia trapped them in. This war lasted about 27 years so they asked the Spartan for help. This then leads to Alexander the Great making Athens surrender and he took over the land.
Alexander the Great conquered the Middle East, India, and Egypt. He combined all their strengths together and started a strong foundation. He built things as the light house, which meant traveling at night.
The Maurya Empire ruled by the Mauryan dynasty, was a geographically extensive and powerful political and military empire in ancient India.
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place.
The Qin dynasty is the first established in China. Though it didn't last long, it shaped the rest of the civilization's for the rest of China.
This dynasty was one of the longest dynastys. It was consdered the golded age, because of their specilaties such as art, politics, and technology. Their biggest accomplishment was the opening of the Silk Road.
Constantine adopted Christianity and it became tolerated in Roman Empire
After the Classical period of Ancient Greece and Rome.
Trade between the eastern coast of Africa and the Middle East leads to the spread of ideas. Islam and its culture work its way inland from the coast and becomes a big part of African culture
Li Yuan gains power in a mass rebellion and rules over China as Gaozang. China was one of the most prosperous nations at the time.
Muhammad gets a vision of the real god. Because of this, him and his followers take the Hijra by traveling from Mecca to Medina. This is where the spread of Islam will begin
Arab caliphates take large portions of land that was once part of the Byzantine Empire. The Umayyad Caliphate will ultimately fail to conquer Constantinople, but at least they tried
Before Korea gained full independence, they were known as the Three Kingdom period. They were constant rivals with strong alliances. Goguryeo, tried to dominate North Korea and failed due to North Koreas agricultural innovations and strong neighbors.
During this time many people followed Hinduism and believed in many gods. Muslin beliefs were spread on foot and when Shakara came to India he influenced many people to become Muslims and believe in one god.
When the war first began, he Muslims were losing. Many of Muhammad's soldiers were losing faith because of their many losses. Muhammad reminded them to keep faith in god and they'll be okay. They did that and one then later gained an alliance.
Although printing press is first invented in China, it will not see very big popularity until Gutenburg uses it in Europe
Many cities in the Mayan civilization mysteriously become abandoned, ultimately leading to the end of the Mayan civilization
The dynasty was interrupted briefly by the Second Zhou Dynasty when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, becoming the only Chinese empress regnant, ruling in her own right.
Smaller than the Tang due to nomadic invaders taking over a portion of the land. China's bureaucracy expanded and education improved. The extensive bureaucracy was too expensive and hurt the Song, and could not manage the army properly, further weakening the Song.
They took Byzantine influence and converted to East Orthodoxy. They then made their own Russian Orthodox Religion
The separation of the church into the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church, similar to the original separation on the Roman empire
The first of many failed attempts to recapture the holy land from the Muslims. Pope Urban the Second sent men East to fight
Chinggis Khan conquers and unites many northeastern nomadic tribes and forms a strong invading force that would cause problems for the entire Eurasian steppe
The Abbasid Caliphate is over, and thus ends the "Islamic Golden Age"
The Silk Road provides big boosts in cultural, intellectual, and economicaltrade between Europe and Asia. This leads to the spread of ideas like the production of silk and possibly the Gutenburg Printing Press later on
After Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca, word of him made him famous, and therefore, his town. This new popularity brought many intellectuals and the founding of a university. Along with this came the continual spread of Muslim culture.
Ibn Battuta visited most of the Muslim world and even explores parts of the non-muslim world. He wrote "A Gift to those who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Traveling" to share his experience
A sick plague from fleas on rats on trading ships from the east. This causes, among other things, great changes in religion, culture, and the economy in Europe. It also wipes out upwards of one third of the population at the time
The Inca began their rein in the year 1350.c.e. The Inca were a loose confederation of tribes ruled by a royal family. The Inca was a costal empire that at its peak covered an area close to two million square kilometers stretching along South America’s eastern coast from nowadays Quito, Ecuador to Santiago, Chile. They created a road system that allowed them to travel and communicate across the empire.
The Byzantines are conquered by the Ottoman empire that would come to rule up until the 1900's
During this time people like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry Viii questioned the Catholic Church's ability to define Christian practice. They had many arguments but the main one was religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of the bible.
This is the time of the thirty year war, ending with the French Revolution. The Enlightenment helped spark a better government, religion and a better view of aesthetics.