Everyone was considered hunters and gatherers. They used skills to capture and Kill animals. They also learned how to pick out poisonous and edible plants. They used such thing as stones to make weapons.
6000 BCE - 4000 BCE
Now people are transitioning into more agricultural civilizations. Developed in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Good for farming, also began to trade, and developed Cuneiform system.
3100 BCE - 1200 BCE
Egypt was considered "Gift of the Nile". There was an upper and lower Egypt because the Nile used to flood. They developed the calendar and used copper, hieroglyphics, and the wheel.
2700 BCE - 2200 BCE
Everyone was told what to do, the Egyptians were told to build pyramids during this time period. They built many until a man named Menes tried to bring everyone together.
2100 BCE - 1800 BCE
They tried to make it more about the people. Towards the end of the civilization, the Nobles were fighting, the government was weak, and they got invaded.
2100 BCE - 1800 BCE
They conquered Africa and the Middle East. Once they got setteled, they broke into small kingdoms, which got stolen. They developed their own social class, and everyone basically stayed in the same social class unless married into higher ranking.
Ruled by King Assurbanipal and built the first library. The people were nomads, which meant they traveled. They were really smart but also very harsh. They settled in Tigris River Valley and had a low amount of people, which allowed a harsh army.
1900 BCE - 1400 BCE
Now there are starting to be better tools and less farmers. There are four river valleys.
1830 BCE - 1500 BCE
Reunited in Mesopotamia in 1830BCE. King Hammurabi was the leader at this time. He had 282 laws developed, and the motto was "an eye for an eye". With his aggression he conquered Akkad and Assyria. The economy relied on wool, farming, and trade.
The Hittites were the first to be able to make iron, but they became lazy and revealed their secret, so they got destroyed.
Chassical China- Zhou dynasty
1029 BCE - 258 BCE
This was China's longest dynasty. King Wen brought them wisdom and after he was put into jail King Wu took over. Defeating the Shang's army. They introduced the Mandate of Heaven and allowed different rulers.
The Classical Era
1000 BCE - 600 BCE
New beliefs systems were starting to form. People were now either Buddhist or Christians. The number of empires and states started to grow. People were smarter now, so they created roads, better social pyramids, and military officers.
Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
Tyrant of ancient Athens. The people voted him use of a bodyguard of citizens armed with clubs, with the aid of which he seized the Acropolis and held power. Power was seized by force and land was given to the poor.
The Persian Empire was the largest Empire that had ever been established. The Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. They had 3 different stages: The Achaemenid Empire, Parthin Empire, and Sassanid Empire.
The Roman Republic
509 BC - 45 BC
A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower-class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government. Both men and women were citizens in the Roman Republic, but only men could vote.
Medes and Chaldeans
They rebuilt the city of Babylon. Their ruler was very cocky but had a very nice structure. They built two walls, and walled farms to keep intruders out.
The Persian Wars
499 BCE - 479 BC
the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions. Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the Wars, these were at Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.
431 BC - 404 BC
The Athens tried to keep Persians out by building a city wall, so Persia trapped them in. This war lasted about 27 years so they asked the Spartan for help. This then leads to Alexander the Great making Athens surrender and he took over the land.
336 BCE - 30 BCE
Alexander the Great conquered the Middle East, India, and Egypt. He combined all their strengths together and started a strong foundation. He built things as the light house, which meant traveling at night.
322 BCE - 187 BCE
The Maurya Empire ruled by the Mauryan dynasty, was a geographically extensive and powerful political and military empire in ancient India.
The Punic Wars
264 BC - 146 BC
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place.
221 BC - Approx. 206
The Qin dynasty is the first established in China. Though it didn't last long, it shaped the rest of the civilization's for the rest of China.
206 BC - 220 AD
This dynasty was one of the longest dynastys. It was consdered the golded age, because of their specilaties such as art, politics, and technology. Their biggest accomplishment was the opening of the Silk Road.
Constance & Christianity Rome
Constantine adopted Christianity and it became tolerated in Roman Empire
Post Classical Period
600 - 1450 C.E
After the Classical period of Ancient Greece and Rome.
Islam Comes Into Africa
Trade between the eastern coast of Africa and the Middle East leads to the spread of ideas. Islam and its culture work its way inland from the coast and becomes a big part of African culture
Start of Tang Dynasty
Li Yuan gains power in a mass rebellion and rules over China as Gaozang. China was one of the most prosperous nations at the time.
Islam Is Founded
Muhammad gets a vision of the real god. Because of this, him and his followers take the Hijra by traveling from Mecca to Medina. This is where the spread of Islam will begin
Arabs Invade the Byzantine Empire
Arab caliphates take large portions of land that was once part of the Byzantine Empire. The Umayyad Caliphate will ultimately fail to conquer Constantinople, but at least they tried
Korea's Independence from Tang Dynasty
Before Korea gained full independence, they were known as the Three Kingdom period. They were constant rivals with strong alliances. Goguryeo, tried to dominate North Korea and failed due to North Koreas agricultural innovations and strong neighbors.
Islam Incursions and Raids in India
During this time many people followed Hinduism and believed in many gods. Muslin beliefs were spread on foot and when Shakara came to India he influenced many people to become Muslims and believe in one god.
Islam Empire Defeated Arabs
When the war first began, he Muslims were losing. Many of Muhammad's soldiers were losing faith because of their many losses. Muhammad reminded them to keep faith in god and they'll be okay. They did that and one then later gained an alliance.
Printing Press Invented In China
Although printing press is first invented in China, it will not see very big popularity until Gutenburg uses it in Europe
Decline Of Mayan Civilization
Many cities in the Mayan civilization mysteriously become abandoned, ultimately leading to the end of the Mayan civilization
End of Tang Dynasty
The dynasty was interrupted briefly by the Second Zhou Dynasty when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, becoming the only Chinese empress regnant, ruling in her own right.
960 CE - 1279 CE
Smaller than the Tang due to nomadic invaders taking over a portion of the land. China's bureaucracy expanded and education improved. The extensive bureaucracy was too expensive and hurt the Song, and could not manage the army properly, further weakening the Song.
Russia Took Byzantine Influence
They took Byzantine influence and converted to East Orthodoxy. They then made their own Russian Orthodox Religion
The separation of the church into the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church, similar to the original separation on the Roman empire
The first of many failed attempts to recapture the holy land from the Muslims. Pope Urban the Second sent men East to fight
Chinggis Khan Begins Mongol Conquests
Chinggis Khan conquers and unites many northeastern nomadic tribes and forms a strong invading force that would cause problems for the entire Eurasian steppe
Mongols Sack Baghdad
The Abbasid Caliphate is over, and thus ends the "Islamic Golden Age"
Time of Marco Polo: China Influences Europe
1275 - 1295 C.E
The Silk Road provides big boosts in cultural, intellectual, and economicaltrade between Europe and Asia. This leads to the spread of ideas like the production of silk and possibly the Gutenburg Printing Press later on
Timbuktu becomes An Intellectual Center
After Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca, word of him made him famous, and therefore, his town. This new popularity brought many intellectuals and the founding of a university. Along with this came the continual spread of Muslim culture.
The Travels Of Ibn Battuta
1325 - 1349 C.E
Ibn Battuta visited most of the Muslim world and even explores parts of the non-muslim world. He wrote "A Gift to those who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Traveling" to share his experience
1347 - 1348
A sick plague from fleas on rats on trading ships from the east. This causes, among other things, great changes in religion, culture, and the economy in Europe. It also wipes out upwards of one third of the population at the time
Inca Empire Rises
The Inca began their rein in the year 1350.c.e. The Inca were a loose confederation of tribes ruled by a royal family. The Inca was a costal empire that at its peak covered an area close to two million square kilometers stretching along South America’s eastern coast from nowadays Quito, Ecuador to Santiago, Chile. They created a road system that allowed them to travel and communicate across the empire.
Collapse of the Byzantine empire
The Byzantines are conquered by the Ottoman empire that would come to rule up until the 1900's
1517 - 1648
During this time people like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry Viii questioned the Catholic Church's ability to define Christian practice. They had many arguments but the main one was religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of the bible.
1689 - 1804
This is the time of the thirty year war, ending with the French Revolution. The Enlightenment helped spark a better government, religion and a better view of aesthetics.