The development of sedentary agriculture leads to the settlement of nomads into stratified society, with job specialization, religion and cities, forming civilizations
A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the bronze age this area included Sumer & the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires. They created the invention of the wheel and contains the fertile crescent
This signals a shift away from stone tools and weapons, as well as, the developing of trade routes, and ideographic and syllabic writing.
3500 BCE - 2000 BCE
The Sumerian peoples developed a civilization in the southern part of Mesopotamia. Responsible for the creation of many fundamental elements of Mesopotamian culture such as irrigation technology, cuneiform, and religious conceptions
3100 BCE - 1200 BCE
This civilization was gifted of the Nile river that produced reeds, copper, stone and clay. Small king ruled state into upper and lower kingdoms.
The first Chinese civilization that included flooding and irrigation. This civilization was isolated but had many pictographs and ideographic symbols.
1900 bce - 1400 bce
This is characterized by a shift in tools and weapons, as well as, the introduction of alphabetic characters and the development of written language.
1830 BCE - 1500 BCE
Reunited Mesopotamia in 1830 BCE with Hammurabi’s laws and codes. Their civilization had an economy with wool, agriculture and trade.
Contained 282 laws that where written in stone and displayed in the center city town. These were specific to social status and gender of offender.
Babylon falls due to the invasions of the Hittites, who became a military superpower through their knowledge of how to use iron
Shang Dynasty develops along the Yellow River. Contained 3000 characters, silk, ancient worship, army and danced for the gods.
The first major Pre-Columbian civilization in Mexico. Their most familiar aspect is their artwork, particularly the aptly named Colossal Heads
1029 BCE - 700 BCE
During this dynasty, the use of iron was introduced to China. This Dynasty followed the Shang civilization and were the south movement to Yangzi river.
Chain De Huantan
850 BCE - 250 BCE
Different levels of agriculture and the start of vertical farming. Difficult for transportation due to location and were craftsmen.