Byzantium- Constantinople- Istanbul

Events

Bosporous and Black Sea.

600 B.C.

Byzantium was founded by Greeks in about 600 B.C. at the entrance to the Bosporous and Black Sea.

Roman Empire

73 A.D

In 73 A.D. Byzantium was incorporated into the Roman empire.

Circus Maximus in Rome

200 A.D.

Ca. 200 A.D. the Hippodrome was constructed as a copy of the Circus Maximus in Rome. It was 380 by 190 meters and held 100, 000 spectators.

Emperor Constantine.

324

Founded in the year 324 by emperor Constantine.

When the City Burned

532

The city burned in the year 532.

The Attack by Vikings

860

It was first attacked by Vikings in 860.

Varangian Guard

980

In 980 emperor Basil II founded the Varangian Guard as a single unit of his army.

Conquering of the Crusaders

1204 - 1261

Conquered for the first time by crusaders from 1204-1261. The city never fully recovered from this.

Conquering of the Ottoman Empire

1453

The Sultan Mehmet II, ruler of the Ottoman empire, conquered the city in 1453.

Capital

1923

The city was the capital until 1923.

Istanbul

1930

The city's name was changed to Istanbul in 1930.