The Foundations Period

8000 BCE

The overlap and developments of the world

Early Agricultural and Technological Developement

8000 BCE - 3500 BCE

Tools, baskets, log rafts, pots, weapons were all created and used to help live and keep a balanced society

Neolithic Revolution

6000 BCE - 4000 BCE

People transitioned from hunting and gathering to agricultural settlements and started becoming dependent on domesticating animals and plants


3500 BCE - 900 BCE

Had up to 2,000 symbols to represent "words"
In Mesopotamia there were City-States which were large towns that appeared as country's
Gods and Goddesses were very important to them, as well as respect for them


3500 BCE - 2000 BCE

They were the first to develop a form of writing called cuneiform and they created irrigation systems
Developed the wheel, coin money. developed trading and bartering, and were very diverse and warlike


3100 BCE - 1200 BCE

Egypt is called "The Gift of the Nile"
Throughout time there were 3 stages The Old Kingdom, The Middle Kingdom, and The New Kingdom
The Egyptians were a Polytheistic group of people

They used 2 systems of writing Hieroglyphics and Cursive Script, and were advanced in math/art

Old Kingdom

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

Known as the Pyramid Age because Step Pyramids were made
Necropolis was known as the City of the Dead
Masalas was a basic tomb designed by Imhotep and Mummification was a technique used on the dead

Middle Kingdom

2100 BCE - 1800 BCE

This time was all about the people the people
In the end the nobles were fighting and government was weak which allowed the Hittites to invaded

The Minnoans

2000 BC

Named after King Minos.
Traded by sea. Gold, cotton, jewels, wheat, and ivory.
Established plumbing.
No army needed.
Played sports both men and women.

Iron Age

1900 BCE - 1400 BCE

This occurred after the Bronze Age
In the Iron Age they had Hittites which were civilizations andbetter tools which decreased the amount of needed farmers

Babylonians (1830BCE-1500BCE and 650BCE-500BCE)

1830 BCE - 500 BCE

They reunited Mesopotamia in 1830
in 1772 they recreated the first code- The Code of Hammurabi
After Mesopotamia, the Assyrians and Persians took over Mesopotamia

The New Kingdom

1570 BCE - 1075 BCE

They were able to conquer into Middle East and Africa
Many small kingdoms that were eventually picked off
People were divided into 3 social classes


1550 BCE

They were a City-State
They had an Empire from Asia Minor to Northern Euphrates to Egypt
They used the sea to destroy and conquer


1400 BC - 1100 BC

They were located in the Peloponnesus and established cities like Thebes and Athens.
They ruled during Greece's dark age.
They were destroyed by the Greeks.
Athens had a "rival"; Sparta.
They had reformers who would come in and protect, make laws, keep justice, and make decisions.


1400 BC - 1100 BC

The Helots were slaves and the Ephors were the elders.
They were small but strong, military was life.
Controlled by a strict government.
Military training began at a young age and was very brutal, intensive, and hard.

Classical Greece

1200 BC - 900 BC

Carthage is the most important city state. 3 wars were fought, the Punic Wars.
They established the alphabet.
In 575BC Carthage was all that was left of the Phoenicians.
Rome destroyed Carthage.

Classical China- Zhou Dynasty

1029 BCE - 258 BCE

Feudalism was used to rule
They were advanced in silk making and they also produced the first books

The Classical Era (China)

1000 BCE - 600 BCE

There were 2 dynasties the Zhou and the Qin Dynasty

The Classical Period

600 BC

The overlap and developments of the world


508 BC

The Persian Wars

499 BC - 479 BC

Athens knew Persia was coming for them, so they built boat with 3 constantly moving rows called a Triomes.
Thermopylae had to hold back Persia so they could prepare.
Sparta lost but Greece has more time.

The Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

3 separate wars what Rome won all 3 times.
Carthage suffered and had to pay tribute, give land, and eventually Carthage is destroyed.
After the wars ended more trade occurred, the army wasn't happy with decisions made, and the army had to recruit the homeless.

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180

Built up Rome, roads, trade network, bridges, building stadiums
Jesus was born during this time.
After 180 the Roman empire began to crumble and fall apart.

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

Justinian was the most powerful and notorious ruler in this empire. Justinians wife was a very strong and influential woman, she helped him rewrite the laws of their empire. Women rights are very important. Religion was less developed. They had buildings, mosaics, and silk.

The Post Classical Era

600 - 1450

The overlap and developments of the world

Pre Islam

601 - 623

Sunni and Shia

632 - 661

Believed in different things. The Sunni believed that their leader should be the best choice for the people. The Shia believed the leader should be blood related to the previous leader.

Sassanian Empire

651 - 1922

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 1258

Kievan Rus


Vladimir I ruled from 980-1015. Their religion was Byzantine. They were incharge of the military and church. They invented the Russian Orthodox Church. They began their decline in the 12th century.

Seljuk Turks

1055 - 1153

They were the puppet masters. They were the causing reason for the crusades. There were 4 major crusades. 1) Christians take the holy land. 2) Christians lose the holy land. 3) A treaty was made to share the land. 4)All trade was moved to Italy. During their golden age the muslims became more advanced, and built academic buildings. The Abbasids ended in 1258. mahttps://www.google.com/search?biw=1920&bih=963&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=fLCxWsemEeKg_Qbukr64DA&q=puppet+masters&oq=puppet+masters&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l5j0i30k1l2j0i10i30k1j0i5i30k1l2.27793.32541.0.33152.

Limiting the Feudal Government


The Magna Carts was set in place. Crop rotation, horse plows, windmills, and horseshoes were invented during this time. Monks were also around, they served God and wrote the bibles. There were cathedral schools, that women were not allowed to attend. If you were sick an exorcism was to be held upon you to rid you of demons.

Mali Empire

1230 - 1600

They broke away from the Ghana empire. Muslim law was very strict, and society was divided by clans. Mansa Musa put Malion on the map. He brought scholars, architect, and artists back to the culture.

Songhai Empire

1464 - 1592