ap world


benin empire

1180 - 1897

A pre-colonial empire. Located in what is now southern Nigeria. The capital which was called Edo is now called Benin City, Edo Sate.

ottoman empire

1299 - 1923

Ottoman Empire. a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest heights under Suleiman in the 16th century. The empire collapsed after World War I.

The Renaissance

1300 - 1700

The rebirth of art. It was sparked by humanism. Many of the changes experienced between the 14th and 16th centuries were inspired by a revival of the classical art and intellect of Ancient Greece and Rome.

Ottomans capture Constantinople


Constantinople (the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire) was conquered by the Ottomans , under Sultan Mehmed II on 29th May 1453. With this victory the Ottomans became an Empire and one of the most powerful empires.

Gutenberg printing press


The printing press was invented in the Holy Roman Empire by the German Johannes Gutenberg around 1440, based on existing screw presses.

Christopher Columbus Discover the Americas


Columbus led his three ships - the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria - out of the Spanish port of Palos on August 3, 1492. His goal was to sail west until he reached Asia where the riches of gold, pearls and spice awaited. However he wound up at the Americas instead of the Indies.

Muslum rule in Spain ends


The Hispanic Muslims inhabited two-thirds of the peninsula for 375 years, about half of it for another 160 years and finally the kingdom of Granada for the remaining 244 years. In total Muslim rule in Spain lasted 779 years.

Portuguese Reach India


Vasco da Gama landing in India, is the first Portuguese encounter with the subcontinent. He reached Calicut on Malabar Coast. Almost immediately after arrival the Portuguese let the natives on bored so they could buy some items.

Beijing is the Worlds Largest city


With a population of 1.27 million it was surprising how large the population was.

Martin Luther/95 Theses


The 95 Theses would later start the protestant reformation which created many new religions, as well as changing old ones.

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent. Babur founded the empire he was also the second son og Genghis Khan.

Babur begins the Mughal Empire in India


Son of Timur the Great and descendent of Genghis Khan.

English and Dutch start trade colonies in India


Dutch India consisted of the settlements and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company on the Indian subcontinent. It is only used as a geographical definition, as there has never been a political authority about ruling all of Dutch India.

Jamestown Settled by the English


In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement. It is named after their king; King James l. The settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America.

Dutch settle at Cape Town South Africa


This settlement is what introduces europeans to blacks. The would later go on to sell and trade the natives for whatever they could get. The natives would be shipped to the Americas where many would die along the journey.

First Steam engine is invented


Thomas Savery, an engineer and inventor, created a machine that could effectively draw water from flooded mines using steam pressure.

Russians begin Trans-Siberian Railroad


The Trans-Siberian Railroad, is the longest single rail system in Russia, stretching from Moscow 5,778 miles east to Vladivostok 5,867 miles to the port station of Nakhodka.