NT Timeline

Other Rulers

Antiochus III takes over Palestine

198 BC - 142 BC

Selucid control of Palestine passes from the Ptolemies following the defeat of Ptolemy V at Pan.

Simon Maccabeus

142 BCE - 134 BCE

He is both King and High Priest

Hasmonean Dynasty

142 BC - 37 BC

John Hyrcanus I

134 BCE - 104 BCE

succeeds Simon and extends boarders of the nation beyond the limits of the territory controlled by Solomon.

Aristobulus I

104 BC - 103 BC

Alexander Jannaeus

103 BC - 76 BC

Salome Alexandra

76 BC - 67 BC

Aristobulus II

67 BC - 63 BC

Hyrcanus II

63 BC - 40 BC

Mark Anthony Controls Israel

42 BC - 41 BC

Aristobulus III (high priest)

40 BC - 35 BC

Herod has him drowned at Herod's spa in Jericho. Hasmonean threat is eliminated.

Herod the Great captures Jerusalem

37 BC

Herod the Great

37 BC - 4 BC

Herod the Great Dies

Approx. 4 BC

Antipas Tetrach of Galilee

4 BC - 39 AD

Arcelaus Tetrach of Judea

4 BC - 6 AD

Herod's son's rule Palestine

4 BC - 39 AD

kingdom divided between Archelaus, Antipas, and Philip).

Philip Tetrach of Iturea

4 BC - 34 AD

Caiphas High Priest

18 AD - 37 AD

Pontius Pilate Governor of Judea

Approx. 26 AD - Approx. 36 AD

Herod Agrippa I

41 AD - 44 AD

Rome

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

Civil War in Rome

90 BC

Augustus is born

63 BC

Casear in Alexandria

48 BC - 47 BC

Casear Assisinated

March 15, 44 BC

Casear declared among gods of Rome

42 BC

Augustus

27 BC - 14 AD

C0-regency of August and Tiberius

Approx. 12 AD - Approx. 14 AD

Tiberius

14 AD - 37 AD

Caligula

37 AD - 41 AD

Seneca of Rome

40 AD - 65 AD

Claudius

41 AD - 54 AD

Jews expelled from Rome

49 AD

Nero

54 AD - 68 AD

Paul goes to Rome as prisoner

58 AD - 60 AD

Acts 28

Peter and Paul die in Rome

Approx. 62 AD - Approx. 64 AD

Peter goes to Rome

62 AD

Rome burns

Approx. 64 AD

likely done by Nero, Christians blamed

Nero Persecutes Christians

64 A.D.

Titus

79 AD - 81 AD

Domitian

81 AD - 96 AD

Domitian's Persecution

95 AD

Nerva

96 AD - 98 AD

Trajan

98 AD - 117 AD

Joesphus dies in Rome

100 AD

Ignatius Maryrted

107 AD

Hadrian

117 AD - 138 AD

Marcion expelled from church in Rome

144 AD

Polycarp in Rome

154 AD - 155 AD

Wars/Conflicts

Maccabean Revolt

167 BC - 142 BC

Mattathias Maccabeus leads revolt

167 BC

Judas Maccabeus wins religious freedom

165 BC

Jonathan Maccabeus leads rebellion against the Greeks

159 BC - 142 BC

Pompey invades Jerusalem

63 BC

Pompey's Eastern Campaigns

62 BC - 60 BC

Julius Casear's Gallic Campaigns

58 BC - 50 BC

Julius Casear invades Britian

55 BC

Civil War between Pompey and Casear

49 BC

Octavian and Mark Antony defeat Brutus and Cassius

42 BCE - 41 BCE

Syria invaded by Partheans

40 BC

Octavian defeats Mark Antony

Approx. 32 BC - Approx. 31 BC

Judas the Galilean revolts

6 AD

Anti-Jewish Riot in Alexandria

38 AD

First Jewish War with Rome

Approx. 66 AD - Approx. 73 AD

Jerusalem Temple Destroyed

70 AD

Second Jewish War

132 AD - 135 AD

Bar Kochba rebellion put down by Rome. Hadrian expels Jews from Jerusalem

Events

Translation of Hebrew Scriptures into Greek

Approx. 281 bc - 100 bc

Origins of the Septuagint, translation of Pentateuch into Greek, and other OT and apocryphal books.

Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) Commits Abomination of Desolation

168 BC

Rededication of the Jewish Temple

164 BC

Qumran Settlement and Earthquake

31 BC

Herod begins rebuilding temple in Jerusalem

20 BC - 19 BC

Herod's Temple mostly finished

9 BC

John Baptist's Ministry Begins

Approx. 26 AD - Approx. 27 AD

Stephen Martyred

31 AD - 32 AD

Acts 7:54-60

James beheaded

Approx. 44 AD

Peter imprisoned

Approx. 44 AD

Jerusalem Council

48 AD - 49 AD

James brother of Jesus martyred

Approx. 62 AD

Herod's temple actually finished

64 AD

Christians flee Jerusalem

66 AD

Jews meet at Jamnia

70 AD - 90 AD

to reform Judaism without temple cults.

Josephus (Jewish War)

75 AD

Rise of docetic heresy

90 AD - 95 AD

1 John 4:1-3

Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews)

93 AD

Pliny-Trajan Correspondence

112 AD

Partheon in Rome finished

125 AD

Hadrian's Wall finished

129 AD

Gnosticism flourishes

135 AD

Jesus

Jesus born

Approx. 6 BC - Approx. 4 BC

Jesus' Ministry

Approx. 26 AD - Approx. 29 AD

Crucifixion of Jesus

Approx. 30 AD

Early Church

Conversion of Paul

32 AD - 36 AD

Galatians 1:13-2:1

Paul in Tarsus

33 AD - 44 AD

Paul's first missionary journey

46 AD - 48 AD

Acts 13-14

Paul's second missionary journey

49 AD - 52 AD

Acts 15:36-41; Acts 18:20-22

Letters of Paul

49 AD - 62 AD

Paul in Corinth

49 AD - 51 AD

Acts 18:11

Paul's third missionary journey

52 AD - 55 AD

Acts 18:23

Paul in Ephesus

53 AD - 55 AD

writes Corinthians

Gospels Mark and Luke produced

60 AD - 69 AD

Gospels of Matthew and John produced

70 AD - 95 AD

1 Clement produced

95 AD - 100 AD

Epistles of Ignatius

115 AD - 117 AD

Justin Martyr converted

130 AD

teaching of Marcion and Valentinus

140 AD - 160 AD

Shepherd of Hermas likely written

Approx. 140 AD

Aristides (apologist)

145 AD

Montanus begins teaching; Montanus controversy

156 AD - 185 AD

Justin Martyr (Apologies and Dialogue with Trypho)

160 AD

Tatian (Diatessaron)

175 AD - 180 AD

Irenaeus (Against Heresies)

180 AD - 185 AD