President Andrew Johnson creates the Bureau of Education
Purpose was to collect statistics showing the condition and progress of education. Henry Barnard named First Commissioner of Education.
Founding of the American Association for Adult Education
Thorndike writes The Meaning of Adult Education in the United States
--Proposed that adult learning should be built around the needs and interests and was the first to use the term "andragogy.
Houle writes The Inquiring Mind
Conducted a study on 22 adult learners and their motivation for learning--identified them as goal-oriented, activity-oriented and learning-oriented
Passage of the Economic Opportunity Act
Adult Basic Education (ABE) Program created and legislation passed to address adult issues with illiteracy in the United States.
Part of the nations War on Poverty.
President Johnson creates Economic Opportunity Act
Purpose was to help Federal Government and the states to increase adult education opportunities by assessing changes in the workforce and increased global competition
Tough research-based study yields The Adult's Learning Projects
Building on Houle's work added the idea of adults as self-directed learners who plan, implement, and evaluate their own learning projects
Amendments to the Adult Education Act Passed
Mandated that states conduct vigorous outreach programs to provide things like transportation, flexible schedules, and assistance with child care
The Department of Education Organization Act into law
Signed by President Jimmy Carter
Experiential Learning by David Kolb
Kolb describes his Experiential Learning Model consists of 1)Active Experimentation 2)Concrete Experience 3)Reflective Observation 4)Abstract Conceptualization.
**Kolb also says the learner must have 4 abilities:
1)Must be willing to be actively involved in the experience
2)Must be able to reflect on the experience
3)Must possess and use analytical skills to conceptualize the experience
4)Must possess decision making and problem solving skills in order to use the new ideas gained from the experience.
Multiple Intelligence published
Howard Gardner writes that each individual uses primarily one or two intelligences to learn. The intelligences by Gardner are classified as Musical, Visual, Kinesthetic, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal.
The National Literacy Act signed into Law
Signed by President George W. Bush
National Literacy Act
July 25 1991
Signed by President George W. Bush. It created a National Institute for Literacy(NIFL). Purpose was to strengthen and coordinate adult literacy programs
Workforce Investment Act
The purpose is to consolidate, coordinate, and improve employment, training, literacy, and vocational programs.
**Title II of the Act is called the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA).
Obama's Goal for Education
Obama challenged American's to have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world by 2020 by commiting to at least one year of higher education or career training.