Early Modern Era



1300 - 1700

Huge explosion of culture! It began as a cultural movement in Italy and then spread to the rest of Europe, It was the bridge between Middle Ages and modern history.

Korean Joseon Period

1392 - 1897

Henry The Navigator

1393 - 1460

Led voyages of exploration down the Western Coast of Africa

Europeans Join Slave Trade in Africa


Ottoman Empire

1453 - 1700

This is when the Ottoman Empire became a mighty empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire in 1453 when Mehmed the Conqueror conquered Constantinople

Martin Luther spoke out against Catholic Church and began the Reformation


Columbus discovers America


Safavid Dynasty

1501 - 1722

ruling dynasty of Iran

Martin Luther nailed the 95 theses to the door of Wittenberg Catholic Church


Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Began with the 95 theses and ended with the conclusion of the Thirty Years War and the Peace of Westphalia

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

at its peak it included parts of Afghanistan all the way to most of the Indian subcontinent

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Held in Trento, Northern Italy, it was a council of the Catholic Church prompted by the Reformation. They were described as the Counter-Reformation

Japenese Edo Period

1600 - 1868

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Involved France,Germany, Sweden, Denmark and Austria and it took place because of national rivalries and conflict between Catholics and Protestants

Peace of Westphalia


a series of peace treaties signed from May to October of 1648