King John signs the Magna Carta to make peace between the rebel Barons and himself
Under Mansa Musa, Timbuktu became an international center of religious study, full of libraries and mosques and featuring one of the world's first universities.
A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a "rebirth" of Greco-Roman culture. Usually divided into an Italian Renaissance, from roughly the mid-fourteenth to mid-fifteenth century, and a Northern (trans-Alpine)
Mansa Musa was a devoted Muslim so he went to Mecca
Songhai is a trading state empire of West Africa centered on the middle reaches of the Niger River in what is now central Mali and eventually extending west to the Atlantic coast and east into Niger and Nigeria.
Warfare among different daimyo was common, and in the late 1500s it culminated in a prolonged civil war. The warlord to emerge from the war was Hideyoshi
Christopher Columbus was a genoese mariner who in the service of Spain led expeditions across the Atlantic, reestablishing contact between the peoples of the Americas and the Old World and opening the way to Spanish conquest and colonization
Treaty of Tordesillas, negotiated by the pope in 1494, drew an imaginary line between the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean. The treaty allocated lands east of the line in Africa and southern Asia to Portugal; lands to the west in the Americas were reserved for Spain.
The network of trading links after 1500 that moved goods, wealth, people, and cultures around the Atlantic Basin
Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis on the church door
Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, was a Muslim descendant of both Timur and Genghis Khan. His grandson Akbar established the central administration of the expanding state.
The Intellectual movement in Europe, initially associated with planetary motion and other aspects of physics, that by the seventeenth century had laid the groundwork for modern society
Hideyoshi invaded mainland Asia with 160,00 men intending to conquer Korea and China. When Hideyoshi died in 1598, the Japanese withdrew and made peace in 1606.
In the Era of Absolutism, monarchs are not restricted by written laws
The 30 Years war began when King Ferdinand attempted to reduce religious activity. This caused rebellion among Protestants. The war came to involve the major powers of Europe, with Sweden, France, Spain and Austria
A philosophical movement in eighteenth century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics
Isaac Newton's laws of Gravity and his role in developing calculus made him the most famous and influential man of his era.
Nov 4, 1879, Thomos Edison filed a U.S. patent for an electric lamp