Explorers opening up new trade routes and discovering new land.
Henry the Nagivator, made Duke of Viseu, established trade with Africa after his discovery.
THE EARLY MODERN ERA
15th Century through the 18th Century
Christopher Columbus lands in the Americas in search for gold and land.
ASIAN MODERN ERA
1500 - 1800
1500 - 1700
The period saw a fundamental transformation in scientific ideas across mathematics, physics, astronomy, and biology in institutions supporting scientific investigation and in the more widely held picture of the universe.
1517 - 1648
Political, cultural, and religious upheaval in Europe. Reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII questioned catholic churches and their practices. This triggered war, persecutions and the counter-reformation.
Martin Luther and 95 Theses- exposed and questioned the pope’s reprieves from penance.
John Calvin, a French Protestant, put his doctrine, which stressed god’s power and humanity’s predestined fate, to practice. Calvinism spread to Scotland, France, Transylvania and the Low Countries.
Atlantic Slave Trade- Transportation of African slaves from Africa to Americas, using the triangular trade route.
1526 - 1857
Henry VIII of England dissolved England’s monasteries to confiscate their wealth and worked to place the Bible in the hands of the people
Elizabeth I took the throne ruled england as a middle way between Calvinism and Catholicism.
Tycho Brahe discovers the first super nova
Johannes Kepler, a German Mathematician, publishes New Astronomy
Henry Hudson led expedition to America for Dutch East India Company and laid claim to present day Albany.
Pierre Gassendi, familiar with Kepler's astronomical tables, becomes the first to observe a transit of the planet Mercury across the disc of the sun.
Ming Dynasty fell to the Qing Dynasty.
Robert Hooke saw cells in cork. First used name 'cells'.
1670 - 1800
Isaac Newton discovers Law of Gravity, thus formulating Laws of Motion and Law of Universal Gravitation