Asia: 1750-2018

Events

Mughal Dynasty

1526 - 1858

Rulers who controlled most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Although it was a Muslim state they did attempt to integrate Hindus and Muslims.

Tokugawa Shogunate

1603 - 1867

The Tokugawa Shogunate was the last feudal Japanese military government. The shoguns were the head of government. This was a time of internal peace, political stability, and economic growth.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

The Qing Dynasty was was the last imperial dynasty of China. The empire grew a significant amount, the population increased, and the people were integrated.

Mughal Empire reaches its height

1707

The empire reached to most of India, besides for southern India which consisted of smaller kingdoms. It reached past the Indus river to the north.

French capture British East India Company's fort of Madras

1746

The British East India Company was the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India. The French and English were very competitive in trade, which is why this was big.

Opium War

1839 - 1842

This war was between Anglo-Chinese and the British over British trade in China and China's sovereignty. The cause was that the British were selling opium to China, which China did not like therefore cutting them off.

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

This event was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China. The radical political and religious upheaval was 14 long years that took 20 million lives.

Matthew Perry's expedition

1854

Matthew went to the Japanese capital and made demands. He demanded that ports be opened to Americans, that prisoners be treated well and given back. This was big because this was the start of industrialization in Japan.

British Raj

1858

The rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent. India was the crown jewel of Great Britain's empire because of the amount of spices and special goods India had.

Beginning of Meiji Restoration

1868

This was the political revolution that brought about the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate. This time period caused major political, economic, and social change. Also it was a time for westernization for Japan.

Republic of China

1912 - 1949

The Republic of China occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

Gandhi begins non-violent protests

1930

Gandhi was known for his non-violent protest for independence from the British. These consisted of fasts and many marches that got him jailed.

Salt March

1930

This was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater. This was caused by the British raising their prices in salt.

US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

The USA dropped these two atomic bombs on Japan because Japan had bombed Pearl Harbor, their military base. This was the end to WW2.

India gains independence

1947

The British House of Commons passed the Indian Independence Act, which divided India into two dominions, India and Pakistan. India gained Independence from the British empire; then split into two countries for Hindus and Muslims.

Communists gain control of China

1949

On October 1, 1949, Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China. This meant that they were sided with the USSR.

US enters Vietnam War

1950

The U.S. government joined the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam. Joining the Vietnam War a very deadly war for America.

China regains Hong Kong

1997

This was the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China. This marked the end of British administration in Hong Kong, and marked the end of the British Empire.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization

2001

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organization. It was formed to demilitarize borders, increase military and counterterrism cooperation and intelligence sharing.

Trans-Pacific Partnership

2016

The TPP is a free-trade deal. Its goal was to reduce tariffs (taxes) for American imports and exports traded with those countries, allowing goods to move more freely and cheaply between them.