Mother was a Norman.
Had lived in Normandy for 25 years.
Appointed a Norman as Archbishop of Canterbury.
Also known as William, Duke of Normandy.
The Battle of Hastings marked the start of the Norman invasion and conquest of England.
Harold Godwinson - from the powerful Godwin family of Anglo-Danish nobles.
This was led by William, Duke of Normandy.
Invited by William I from Normandy because they could read, write and do accounts at a time when not even kings were literate. He needed them to help him control the land he had seized.
This was to record who owned land, what it was worth and who lived on it.
Their aim was to expel Jerusalem's Muslim inhabitants.
Muslims and Jews were now labelled as non-believers.
In Norwich on Good Friday 1144, the dead body of a boy called William was found wearing only his jacket and shoes. A local priest and the boy's family accused the city's Jews of the murder and the boy was moved inside the cathedral.
Henry III arrested 90 Jews and hanged those who protested, taking their property.