Migration c1000-1500

Events

Migration c1000-c1500

1000 - 1500

Edward the Confessor.

1042 - 1066

Mother was a Norman.
Had lived in Normandy for 25 years.
Appointed a Norman as Archbishop of Canterbury.

William I.

1066 - 1087

Also known as William, Duke of Normandy.
The Battle of Hastings marked the start of the Norman invasion and conquest of England.

Harold II.

January 1066 - October 1066

Harold Godwinson - from the powerful Godwin family of Anglo-Danish nobles.

The Norman Invasion

1066

This was led by William, Duke of Normandy.

Rebellion against Normans - some of the Anglo-Danish nobles joined an unsuccessful invasion led by King Sweyn of Denmark.

1069

Invitation and Settlement of the Jews.

1070 - 1189

Invited by William I from Normandy because they could read, write and do accounts at a time when not even kings were literate. He needed them to help him control the land he had seized.

First written record of Jews in England.

1070

Domesday Survey set up King William I.

1085

This was to record who owned land, what it was worth and who lived on it.

William II

1087 - 1100

The Crusades - instiated by the pope, Christians began to fight what became known as the Crusades.

1095 - 1291

Their aim was to expel Jerusalem's Muslim inhabitants.
Muslims and Jews were now labelled as non-believers.

Henry I.

1100 - 1135

'Saint' William of Norwich and the start of the 'Blood Libel'

1144

In Norwich on Good Friday 1144, the dead body of a boy called William was found wearing only his jacket and shoes. A local priest and the boy's family accused the city's Jews of the murder and the boy was moved inside the cathedral.

Massacre of Jews in London and York.

1189 - 1190

Persecution of the Jews.

1189 - 1290

King Richard I was to be crowned. When Jewish leaders arrived at Westminster Hall for the coronation they were stripped, beaten, chased and killed.

3 September 1189

King John seized Jewish property, killing or torturing those who resisted.

1210

Jews were made to wear a distinctive yellow cloth.

1218

Jews were expelled from many towns and not allowed to own anything except their houses.

1230 - 1239

1230s

A new 'Blood Libel' when the body of a boy called Hugh was found at the bottom of a well in Lincoln. All Jews were accused of planning ritual murder.

1255

Henry III arrested 90 Jews and hanged those who protested, taking their property.

400 Jews murdered on Palm Sunday.

1263

1,000 Jews beaten to death in London.

1264

The pope allowed Italian bankers to charge interest. Jewish moneylenders were no longer needed.

1265

Henry III ordered expulsion of all non-weavers.

1270

Edward I made a law (the Statute of Jewry) that Jews were not allowed to collect interest. Most became so poor that they were forced to 'clip' the edges of coins and melt down the metal to sell.

1275

680 Jews arrested; 293 of them hanged.

1278

All Jews expelled from England.

1290

'Alien subsidies' - taxation of foreigners.

1440 - 1487