important dates in texas history

Events

1500

1500

Alonso Alvarez de Pineda explores and maps the Texas coastline

1519

1519

Sailing from a base in Jamaica, Alonso Alvarez de Pineda, a Spanish adventurer, was the first known European to explore and map the Texas coastline.

1528

1528

abeza de Vaca shipwrecked on what is believed today to be Galveston Island. After trading in the region for some six years, he later explored the Texas interior on his way to Mexico.

1540-1542

1540 - 1542

In search of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado lead an expedition into the present southwestern United States and across northern Texas.

1685

1685

Robert Cavelier, Sieur de LaSalle established Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay, and thus formed the basis for France's claim to Texas

1689

1689

Mexican explorer Alonso de Leon reached Fort St. Louis, and found it abandoned, during an expedition planned to reestablish Spanish presence in Texas.

1700

1700

Spain establishes Catholic missions throughout Texas

1756-1763

1756 - 1763

The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.

1775-1783

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washington led the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence

1776

Approx. july 4 1776

United States Declaration of Independence

1778

1778

France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces

1783

1783

The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain

1812

august 8 1812

About 130-men strong, the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition crossed the Sabine from Louisiana in a rebel movement against Spanish rule in Texas.

January 3 1823

1823

Stephen F. Austin received a grant from the Mexican government and began colonization in the region of the Brazos River.

1830

1830

Mexico bans emigration into Texas by settlers from the United States

October 28 1835

1835

Jim Bowie, James Fannin and 90 Texans defeated 450 Mexicans at the Battle of Concepcion, near San Antonio.

November 8 1835

1835

The Grass Fight near San Antonio was won by the Texans under Jim Bowie and Ed Burleson. Instead of silver, however, the Texans gained a worthless bounty of grass.

1835

October 3 1835

Texans repulsed a detachment of Mexican cavalry at the Battle of Gonzales. The revolution began.

March 27 1836

1836

James Fannin and nearly 400 Texans were executed by the Mexicans at the Goliad Massacre, under order of Santa Anna.

March 2 1836

1836

The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed by members of the Convention of 1836.

1836

1836

The Texas Declaration of Independence

April 21 1836

1836

Texans under Sam Houston routed the Mexican forces of Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto. Thus, independence was won in one of the most decisive battles in history.

December 29 1845

1845

U. S. President James Polk followed through on a campaign platform promising to annex Texas, and signed legislation making Texas the 28th state of the United States.

1846

1846

The Mexican-American War due to disputes over claims to Texas boundaries. The outcome fixed the southern boundary at the Rio Grande River

November 25 1850

1850

In a plan to settle boundary disputes and pay her public debt, Texas relinquished about one-third of her territory in the Compromise of 1850, in exchange for $10,000,000 from the United States