2017 Timeline Project 8000BCE-600CE

Events

Neolithic Age (New Stone Age)

8000 BCE - 3000 BCE

The succession of technological innovations and changes in human organization that led to the development of agriculture. The period in which adaptation of sedentary agriculture occurred and domestication of plants and animals.

Important Production Activities Develop

5500 BCE

Production activities like skilled toolmakers and jewelers began to form in the Çatal Hüyük village.

Metal Tools Form

4000 BCE

People began learning how to work with metal like copper.

Bronze Age

4000 BCE - 1500 BCE

Bronze tools were first introduced to the Middle East. The use of bronze tools began to decline as people began to work with iron.

Sumerians Develop Cuneiform

3500 BCE

Mesopotamian people who created the first civilization in the region. Developed a cuneiform system which was the first known form of human writing.

Early Civilizations

3500 BCE - 600 BCE

Societies that were distinguished by reliance on sedentary agriculture, ability to produce food surpluses, and existence of nonfarming elites, merchant groups, and manufacturing groups began.

Egyptian Civilization

3100 BCE - 30 BC

Formed in Mesopotamia, made advancements in writing (hieroglyphics), papyrus sheets, medicine, shipbuilding, and mathematics.

Egyptian Pyramids Form

Approx. 2620 BCE

Holding a great position in society, pharoah's were placed in tombs built as large pyramids.

Indus River Valley Civilization

2500 BCE - 1800 BCE

Large cities such as Harappa emerged near the Indus River. Harappa had houses with running water and citywide drainage systems as well as many buildings for religious ceremonies or community assemblies.

Code of Hammurabi

1754 BCE

Babylonia code of law that is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world.

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 500 Bce

The period in India when the Vedas, or the sacred book for Hinduism, was composed.

Olmec Civilization

1200 BCE - 400 BCE

Olmecs are responsible for establishing the first civilization in Mesoamerica and is the forerunner of civilizations such as the Aztecs and Maya.

Ancient Greece Civilizations

Approx. 800 BCE - 146 BCE

Consisted of Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic Periods. Made advancements in art, poetry, and technology.

Rome

753 BCE - 476 CE

Creator of modern western alphabet and calendar, the emergence of Christianity as a world religion, and Latin which many romance languages were made. Grew from a small town to a republic and then to a large empire due to military expansion.

Zoroastrianism

600 BCE

Founded by the prophet Zoroaster, it was the official religion of Persia from 600BCE to 650CE.

Classical Period

600 BCE - 600 CE

Classical civilizations such as China, India, Greece, and Rome develop.

Life of the Buddha

563 BCE - 483 BCE

Buddha, the founder of one of the great world religions, Buddhism, was a religious seer and philosopher who wanted to move beyond the rituals associated with sacrifices to gods and the materialistic ways of the priestly class. He created a religion that provided a powerful challenge to the brahmans and many ancient Vedic beliefs.

Classical Greek Philosophy

479 BCE - 322 BCE

Began around 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic Period. Creation of great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle began in this time period.

Era of Warring States

475 BCE - 221 BCE

Following the Spring and Autumn Period, many chinese states were at war with each other for territory and dominance. Ended with Qin state defeatin all other states and forming Qin dynasty.

Twelve Tables of Rome

455 BCE

Rome's code of law in which patricians, plebeians, and consuls would have to enforce.

Peloponnesian Wars

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Wars between Athens and Sparta for dominance in southern Greece, which was subjected to Macedonian authority.

The Mauryan Dynasty

322 BCE - Approx. 185 BCE

A young soldier named Chandragupta Maurya seized power along Ganges River which led to him becoming the first ruler of the Mauryan dynasty in India: A dynasty that would be the first to unify the whole subcontinent.

Punic Wars

264 BCE - 146 BCE

Arguments between Carthage and Rome led to a series of three different wars until the defeat of Carthage.

Han Dynsasty

Approx. 206 BCE - 220 AD

Following the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty rounded out China's basic political and intellectual structure.

Silk Road

120 BCE

A network of trade routes used by China, India, Persia, Arabia, Greek, and Rome.

Pax Romana

27 BCE - 180 CE

Starting with the rule of Augustus Caeser, it was a time of peace in the Roman empire due to minimal Roman military force after the end of the Final War of the Roman republic.

Birth and Death of Jesus

4 BCE - Approx. 30 CE

Jesus is born to Mary and lives life as a preacher of the Jewish Religion. Dies by crucifixion to Pontius Pilate.

Rome Divided

275 CE

Rome divides into Byzantine Empire and Rome as it becomes too large to govern.

Constantine's Conversion to Christianity

312 CE

Spreading of Christianity led to Constantine adopting it as a new religion.

Gupta Empire

320 CE - 550 CE

An ancient Indian Empire noted for its achievements in arts, architecture, religion, science, and philosophy.