NT Timeline

Events

Seleucid Control of Palestine Weakens

198 BCE - 142 BCE

Fighting between successors leads to erosion

Antiochus Epiphanes IV

175 BC - 164 BC

Antiochus subjugates Palestine (desecrates Temple)

169 BCE

Maccabean Revolt

168 BCE - 142 BCE

Judas Maccabeus wins religious freedom

165 BCE

Re-dedication of the Temple

164 BCE

Jonathan is High Priest

152 BCE - 143 BCE

Approximate beginning of Qumran Community

150 BCE - 125 BCE

Source of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Simon is High Priest

143 BCE - 135 BCE

Simon Maccabeus' Reign

142 BCE - 134 BCE

Hasmonaean Dynasty

142 BCE - 63 BCE

Judas Maccabeus' successors win political independence

142 BCE

John Hyrcanus is High Priest

135 BCE - 104 BCE

John Hyrcanus I reigns

134 BCE - 104 BCE

Oversees expansion of the nation.

Aristobulus I

104 BC - 103 BC

Alexander Jannaeus Reigns

103 BCE - 76 BCE

Pentateuch translated to Greek

100 BCE

Other books included, over time.

Salome Alexandra

76 BC - 67 BC

Aristobulus II

67 BCE - 63 BCE

(Things don't go well for Hasmonian rulers named Aristobulus)

Hyrcanus II rules Jewish people

63 BCE - 40 BCE

(Maybe nominal)

Cicero

63 BCE - 43 BCE

Pompey takes Jerusalem

63 BCE

Julius Caesar

58 BCE - 44 BCE

Death of Julius Caesar

44 BCE

Octavian and Mark Antony defeat Brutus and Cassius

42 BCE - 41 BCE

Mark Anthony takes control of Israel

41 BCE

Parthians help Hasmoneans

40 BCE

Herod the Great rules over Jerusalem

37 BC - 4 BC

Aristobulus III killed

35 BCE

Again....don't name your kid Aristobulus.

Octavian defeats Antony 31 BC

31 BCE

Herod offers allegiance to Rome

31 BCE

Jerusalem (and rest of Judea) subjected to Roman rule

Shammai and Hillel influence Judaism

30 BCE - 10 CE

Reign of Augustus

27 BCE - 14 CE

Julio-Claudian Dynasty

27 BCE - 68 CE

Herod (TG) begins rebuilding the Temple

20 BCE - 19 BCE

Philo of Alexandria

10 BCE - 40 CE

Birth of Christ

6 BCE - 4 BCE

Herod the Great Dies

4 BCE

Herod's sons reign in Palestine

4 BCE - 39 CE

Jesus and family flee to Egypt

4 BCE

Governors established in Judea

6 CE

Annas is High Priest

6 CE - 15 CE

Jesus lives in Nazareth

8 CE - 29 CE

Augustus and Tiberius share reign

12 CE - 14 CE

Tiberius

14 CE - 37 CE

Pontius Pilate

26 CE - 36 CE

John the Baptist's Ministry

26 CE - 29 CE

Jesus' public ministry

26 CE - 30 CE

Approximate Range

Death and Resurrection of Jesus

29 CE - 30 CE

Martyrdom of Stephen

31 CE - 32 CE

Spread of the Church

Conversion of S(P)aul

32 CE - 36 CE

Paul in Tarsus

33 CE - 44 CE

Pilate removed from office

36 CE

Reign of Caligula

37 CE - 41 CE

Reign of Claudius

41 CE - 54 CE

Herod Agrippa Ruies Palestine

41 CE - 44 CE

Unified reign of Herod Agrippa I

41 CE - 44 CE

Paul's 1st Missionary Journey

46 CE - 48 CE

Writing of Galatians

48 CE

Jews removed from Rome

48 CE - 49 CE

Jerusalem Council

48 CE - 49 CE

Writing of 1-2 Thessalonians

49 CE - 51 CE

Period of Paul's Writing

49 CE - 62 CE

Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey

49 CE - 52 CE

Paul in Corinth

49 CE - 51 CE

Rise of the Zealots

50 CE

Writing of the New Testament

50 CE - 130 CE

Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey

52 CE - 55 CE

Paul's Time in Ephesus

53 CE - 55 CE

Reign of Nero

54 CE - 68 CE

Jews allowed to return to Rome

54 CE

Paul writes 2nd Corinthians

55 CE - 56 CE

Paul writes Romans

57 CE

Possible writing of Hebrews

60 CE - 70 CE

Possible production of Mark and Luke

60 CE - 69 CE

Peter writes 1 Peter

62 CE - 63 CE

Peter and Paul die under Nero

62 CE - 64 CE

Death of James (brother of Jesus)

62 CE

Peter in Rome

62 CE

Persecution under Nero Begins

62 CE

Writing of 2 Peter, Jude and 2 Timothy

64 CE - 67 CE

Rome Burned (Christians Blamed)

64 CE

Post-apostolic Era Begins

65 CE - 95 CE

Jewish war with Rome

66 CE - 73 CE

Qumran destroyed by Rome

67 CE

Reign of Galba

68 CE - 69 CE

Nero commits suicide

68 CE

Turmoil in Rome (after Nero)

68 CE - 69 CE

Reign of Otho

69 CE

Reign of Vitellius

69 CE

Flavian Dynasty

69 CE - 96 CE

Reign of Vespasian

69 CE - 79 CE

Destruction of the Temple (end of animal sacrifice)

70 CE

Pharisees begin to dominate Judaism

70 CE - 95 CE

Josephus writes Jewish War

75 CE

Reign of Titius

79 CE - 81 CE

Reign of Domitian (great persecution)

81 CE - 96 CE

1-3 John Written

85 CE - 95 CE

Gospel of John Written

89 CE - 95 CE

Docetic Heresy Begins

90 CE - 95 CE

Addresssed by 1 John

Josephus - Antiquities

93 CE

Writing of Revelation

95 CE - 96 CE

Reign of Nerva

96 CE - 98 CE

Nerva ends persecution

96 CE - 98 CE

The Five Good Emporers

96 CE - 180 CE

Reign of Trajan

98 CE - 117 CE

Life of Justin Martyr

100 CE - 165 CE

Hadrian

117 CE - 138 CE

Reign of Hadrian

117 CE - 138 CE

Tatian (echoes the 4 canonical Gospels)

120 AD - 180 AD

2nd Jewish War with Rome

132 CE - 135 CE

Jews expelled from Jerusalem

Gnosticism grows

135 CE

Montanist Heresy Begins

156 CE - 185 CE

Justin Martyr publishes Apologies and Dialogue with Trypho

160 CE

Reign of Marcus Aurelius

161 CE - 180 CE

Reign of Commodus

177 CE - 192 CE

First published attack on Christianity

178 CE

Irenaeus writes Against Heresies

180 CE - 185 CE

Birth of Origin

185 CE

Reign of Pertinax

193 CE

Reign of Didius Julianus

193 CE