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Evolution of Languages
AP English Language Ms. Houk Period 3 October 14th, 2017
Celtic peoples inhabit modern day Spain, France, Germany and England; Celtic becomes the most widely spoken European language.
Germanic people migragrate from Scandinavia spreading throughout Central Europe and coming into contact with the Roman empire.
200 BC - 200 AD
Romans begin raiding the British Isles.
Rome establishes a colony in modern day Britain; some Celtics Romanize while others continue to participate in rebellions.
Following the collapse of the Roman empire, Romans pull out of colonies and are defeated by the Goths. Meanwhile, Germanic tribes migrate in large units taking over the former Roman colonies and adopt
401 AD - 450 AD
Germanic peoples have settled most of Britain and Proto-Germanic is beginning to take form.
410 AD - 600 AD
The first Germanic tribes arrive in England.
Roman missionary introduces Christianity to the Anglo-Saxons meanwhile Irish missionaries introduce the Celtic form of Christianity to mainland Britain.
Three large kingdoms develop and politically unify the European continent.
600 AD - 800 AD
Sudden viking attacks destroy important monastery.
The king of the Franks and Wessex aspire to unite Britain under one crown.
The viking attacks worsen and groups encamp themselves on English territory, leaving Wessex the last Anglo-Saxon kingdom in Britain.
840 AD - 889 AD
The vikings attack Wessex, and while English plays a strong defense, they are certainly defeated and the king is killed.
Danish kings attack Wessex and leave the newly crowned British king looking silly.
Danish and English peoples mix and their languagess become deeply intertwined.
901 AD - 1000 AD
England crushes uprisings of Anglo-Saxons and decimates populations in Mercia and Northumberland. The king of England re-distributes the wealth of the defeated among his followers. English becomes kno
1066 AD - 1075 AD
Norman French becomes known as the language of the more socially and economically elite classes as well as that of official conduct, church business, and published literature. English/Norman French bi
English kings lose to French kings, thus England is now the home of the Norman English.
The first English books appears since the conquest.
The first royal proclamation issued in English since the conquest.
English nationalism among noblemen rises and education in English becomes more popular.
French is used as a foreign language in schools and is no longer the primary medium of instruction.
Start of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France.
English becomes the official language of law courts and becomes more popular among authors.
Chaucer pens the Canterbury tales in Middle English and demonstrates remarkable French influence. For the first time, the London dialect becomes known as the “Standard English” making other English di
William Caxton brings a painting press to England from Germany and publishes the first book to be printed in England, thus beginning the process of standardization of spelling.
The Modern English language develops as the Great Vowel Shift takes place and is heavily influenced by Latin and Greek.
1500 - 1650 AD
The Archbishop of Canterbury publishes the Book of Common Prayer, the first ranslation of the church’s liturgy into English.
During the era of British imperialism, English was heavily influenced by languages from around the world.
1601 - 1801 AD
The King James Bible is published.
William Shakespeare dies and is recognized as a genius of the English language for his weavings of native and borrowed words to create unique and pleasant combinations.
During the classical period of English literature, trends from Greek and Latin wordage were incorporated alongside elaborate syntax structures and vocabulary.
1701 AD - 1800 AD
A standard variety of American English develops based on the dialect of the Mid-Atlantic states. English takes a foothold as a common language in Australia, South Africa, India, and other British colo
1801 AD - 1900 AD
Linguistic scholars become more widely recognized and accepted. Discoveries about the Indo-European language family are made.
1801 AD - 1900 AD
The Scientific and Industrial Revolutions take place and motivate the emergence of technical vocabularies. English has gone from an island tongue to a world language due to the ambitious British effor
1801 AD - 2000 AD
It becomes philosophically recognized that all languages are fundamentally the same and equally respectable in nature.
1850 AD - 1900 AD
Many world languages begin to die out as a product of globalization in favor of more widely spoken ones.
1901 AD - 2000 AD
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