Massachusetts General Court Ordered the mandatory, weekly catechism of fathers to their children and servants
Connecticut followed the Massachusetts General Court order of mandatory catechism of fathers to their children and servants
New Haven followed the Massachusetts General Court order of mandatory catechism of fathers to their children and servants
Plymouth followed the Massachusetts General Court order of mandatory catechism of fathers to their children and servants
Massachusetts forbade youth, maids and other persons uncivilly walking the streets ad fields of Saturday and Sunday nights
Bacon's rebellion arose a warfare against neighboring Indians
English in New York allowed enslaved Africans to be buried in a desolate six-acre plot of land outside Manhattan's town limits
African American in the Chesapeake region became the first slave population in the New World to be able to reproduce their own numbers
first student rebellions on colonial colleges began
slaves in North and South Carolina, and Georgia were also able to reproduce naturally
Sons of Liberty chapters formed in Boston and New York
150 riots in 13 colonies took place
In Boston, more than a hundred young ladies signed an agreement to refrain from buying or consuming imported tea
Sybil Ludington roused local militia to save Danbury, Connecticut from British attack
Samuel Slater's mill, first textile mill in the United States, opened in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
philanthropists, "child-savers", experimented with new strategies to care for indigent and delinquent children, including the establishments of charity schools, Sunday schools, orphan asylums, house of refuge, and reformatories
there were only 6 orphan asylums in the United States
War of 1812, Louisiana Purchase
Congress Enacted pension for Revolutionary War veterans and their widows
450 children were incarcerated in New York's Bridewell and Newgate prisons
New York's first house of refuge admitted its first inmates
fewer than 100,000 pioneers crossed the Mississippi
economic panic made young men either enter a factory between the ages of 12 and 14, or remain in school into their mid-teens before entering clerkship or another salaried position
a Philadelphia case, ex parte Crouse, establish the legal right to institutionalize children without parental consent
a number of delinquent and neglected children outstripped the capacity of private benevolent societies, the house of refuge was superseded by a new institution, the reform school.
tens of thousands of Americans ventured beyond the Mississippi
a fungus from America devastated Ireland's basic staple crop, potato
State legislature in Mississippi responded to a growing number of request for private adoption bills by enacting the first general adoption statuses, which provided for public registration of private adoption agreements
example of transplanting city children to farm families pioneered by the Boston Children's Mission
earliest adult-managed organization for the youth, the Young Men's Christian Association, appeared in Boston
State legislature in Texas responded to a growing number of request for private adoption bills by enacting the first general adoption statuses, which provided for public registration of private adoption agreements
pioneers pushed the edge of settlement to California and the Oregon county of the Pacific Northwest
New York had nearly 100 orphanages
American orphanages acquired Dickensian image as drab, regimented facilities characterize by harsh discipline, rigid routine, and absence of emotional care.
Massachusetts adopted its first modern adoption law, requiring judges to determine whether adoptive parents were of sufficient ability to bring up the child and furnish suitable nurture and education before issuing a decree.
a fire at Massachusetts State Reform school for Boys in Westborough underscored the bleak underside of reform-school life.
First clinic for treatment of children's diseases in New York was established by Abraham Jacobi
President Lincoln announced that the boys under 18 could enlist only with their parents' consent.President Lincoln announced that the boys under 18 could enlist only with their parents' consent.
at least 50,00 slaves fled to refugee camps
eight states opened institutions to care for dead soldier's orphans
the Young Men's Christian Association persuaded the New York's state legislature to pass a law restricting obscene material
first publicly financed kindergarten in St. Louis opened
Congress passed the Comstock Act, which made it a crime to distribute obscene materials through mails
Charles Darwin inaugurated the specific study of child development
American Medical Association established a section on children's diseases, 10 medical schools offered courses in pediatrics and some 700 doctors specialized in treating children's illnesses.
Charles Crittenton opened the first home for unwed mothers
Boston and Philadelphia public schools took over charitable kindergartens
the first organization formally dedicated to child study was the Society for the Study of Child Nature, founded by the mothers in Ethical Culture movement in New York city was established
introduction of women's bicycle gave women greater freedom to move about in public
Nathan Straus, whose family owned Macy's Department Store, opened on of the first pure milk stations in the United States cutting the death rate in New York City's orphan asylum in Randall's Island in half.
an official at the Conference of Charities charged that the so-called orphans were placed with people who treat them as slaves
Illinois establish juvenile court
more than 100,000 children resided in some 1,200 orphanages throughout United States
only nine states and the District of Columbia had establish a mother's statutory right to equal guardianship of children
Chicago became the first city in the world to require pasteurization of the city's milk supply.
there were 55 societies devoted exclusively to protecting children from cruelty
descendants of the original abolitionists took a leading role in postwar efforts to establish schools and colleges for African Americans, the struggle against lynching, and the founding of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
First White house conference on children participants agreed that children should be kept in their own families rather than in warehoused in large institutions
youth workers established a number of adult-sponsored youth organizations targeted at middle-class teens
Beginning with Ohio, states enacted the first children's codes to provide uniform legal protections for children
starting in Illinois, states enacted the mothers' pensions to allow widows to care for their children in their own homes
kindergarten enrollment reached 312,000
an inspection of 26 orphanages run by private charities in New York City reported children overworked and underfed, beds alive with vermin, and antiquated modes of punishments.
25,000 young people participated in the juvenile street cleaning leagues in New York City
Keating-Owen Bill passed the Congress, prohibiting interstate shipments of products from mines employing children under sixteen or factories using children under fourteen
Influenza Pandemic during WWI killed half a million Americans
Every state enacted compulsory education laws, with 31 states requiring attendance until the age of 16
39 states and territories in Alaska and Hawaii adopted the mothers' pensions
Congress passed a constitutional amendment authorizing legislation to restrict child labor
46 states adopted the juvenile court idea
last orphan train left New York for Sulfur Springs, Texas
about 60,00 mentally retarded or ill children had been sterilize in hopes of preventing them from reproducing