robotics assessment

Events

Archytas - The Pigeon

350 BC

Archytas builds a mechanical bird which is propelled by steam. This was one of histories earliest models of an airplane

Ctesicus - Water clocks

200 BC

Ctesicus designs water clocks that had movable figures on them. This measured time at a constant rate.

Leonardo da Vinci - "Leonardo's robot"

1495

Da Vinci designs a mechanical device. This mechanism was designed to look and move like a knight.

Jacques de Vaucanson - The duck

1738

He created "The duck" which moves, flaps it wings and ate and digested food.

Pierre Jaquet-Droz - Wristwatch

1770

Jaquet-Droz invented the modern wristwatch and created three dolls, all having its own unique function. One writes, another plays music and the other draws pictures.

Joseph jacquard - Automated loom

1801

Jacquard made an automated loom that is controlled with punched cards. This inspired further inventions using the same techniques.

Nikola Tesla - Remote controlled robot boat

1898

Nikola Tesla builds a romote controlled robot boat and presents it at Madison Square Garden

Isaac Asimov

1940

Asimov produces a series of short stories about robots and the "Three Laws of Robotics" :
1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

Heinrich Ernst - MH-1.

1961

Heinrich Ernst creates the robotic arm, MH-1.

Robot arm

1962

The first arm robot is introduces.

Jospeh Weizenbaum - ELIZA

1966

Weizenbaum create a program named "ELIZA" which is a computer psychologist, asking its users questions.

Shakey

1966

The Standford Research Institute creates a robot "Shakey", the first mobile robot to know and react to its instructions given.

Victor Scheinman - Silver Arm

1974

Scheinman markets the Silver Arm which is capable of assembling parts together using touch sensors.

Shigeo Hirose - Soft Gripper

1976

Hirose designed the "Soft Gripper" to wrap around objects in a snake-like fashion.

Takeo Kanade - Direct drive arm

1981

The direct drive arm is the first to have motors installed, making it faster and more accurate than past robotic arms.

Genghis

1989

Genghis, the walking robot was made by the Mobile Robots Group.

Dante

1993

Dante, an eight legged robot descends into Antarctica to collect data from the harsh environment around it. The mission was a fail.

Dante II

1994

Dante II, the second of its kind, descends into the crater of Mt. Spurr. This was considered a success.

AISMO

2000

Honda creates a new humanoid robot 'ASIMO'

Spirit & Opportunity

2003

June 10th - NASA launches "Spirit" rover designed for Mars
July 7th - NASA launches "Opportunity"

AIBO ERS-7

2003

SONY releases the AIBO ERS-7, their third generation robotic pet.