Archytas builds a mechanical bird which is propelled by steam. This was one of histories earliest models of an airplane
Ctesicus designs water clocks that had movable figures on them. This measured time at a constant rate.
Da Vinci designs a mechanical device. This mechanism was designed to look and move like a knight.
He created "The duck" which moves, flaps it wings and ate and digested food.
Jaquet-Droz invented the modern wristwatch and created three dolls, all having its own unique function. One writes, another plays music and the other draws pictures.
Jacquard made an automated loom that is controlled with punched cards. This inspired further inventions using the same techniques.
Nikola Tesla builds a romote controlled robot boat and presents it at Madison Square Garden
Asimov produces a series of short stories about robots and the "Three Laws of Robotics" :
1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Heinrich Ernst creates the robotic arm, MH-1.
The first arm robot is introduces.
Weizenbaum create a program named "ELIZA" which is a computer psychologist, asking its users questions.
The Standford Research Institute creates a robot "Shakey", the first mobile robot to know and react to its instructions given.
Scheinman markets the Silver Arm which is capable of assembling parts together using touch sensors.
Hirose designed the "Soft Gripper" to wrap around objects in a snake-like fashion.
The direct drive arm is the first to have motors installed, making it faster and more accurate than past robotic arms.
Genghis, the walking robot was made by the Mobile Robots Group.
Dante, an eight legged robot descends into Antarctica to collect data from the harsh environment around it. The mission was a fail.
Dante II, the second of its kind, descends into the crater of Mt. Spurr. This was considered a success.
Honda creates a new humanoid robot 'ASIMO'
June 10th - NASA launches "Spirit" rover designed for Mars
July 7th - NASA launches "Opportunity"
SONY releases the AIBO ERS-7, their third generation robotic pet.