APUSH Test 3

Chapters 17-???

Events

Westward Expansion

1840-1900

California Gold Rush

1848 - 1855

Homestead Act

1862

Transcontinental Railroad

1863 - 1869

Pacific Railroad Acts

July 1865

Barbed Wire Invented

1873

Battle of Little Bighorn

June 25, 1876

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Dawes Severality Act

1887

divides Indian tribal lands

Industrialization and the Rise of Big Business

1870-1900

Rockefeller founds Standard Oil

1870

Panic of 1873 triggers extended depression

1873

Carnegie Steel founded

1873

Telephone (Alexander Graham Bell)

1876

Great Railroad Strike

1877

lasts 45 days

Lightbulb Invented

1879

American Labor Federation Founded

1886

Haymarket Square Riot

May 4, 1886

Homestead Strike

1892

Growing Pains of Industrialization

For many immigrants, the US seemed like a wonderful growing land of opportunity. Boy were they wrong.

City Beautiful Movement

1870 - 1915

a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities

Baseball begins with the National League

1876

Chicago builds the first skyscraper

1885

Electric Trolley

1887

Jane Addams opens Hull House

1889

Carnegie Hall opens

1890

How the Other Half Lives

1890

Jacobs Riis

Coney Island Amusement opens

1895

Politics in the Gilded Age

There was a lot of political upheaval as workers and farmers called for more rights and the Populist Party grew

Gilded Age

1873 - 1900

coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley

Compromise of 1877

1877

results in Rutherford B Hayes being elected
The offer was that if the commission found in favor of a Hayes victory, Hayes would order the withdrawal of the remaining U.S. troops from those three southern states, thus allowing the collapse of the radical Reconstruction governments of the immediate post-Civil War era

Garfield Presidency

1881 - September 19, 1881

Garfield was POTUS for a good 9 months before they merked him

Civil Service Act Passed

January 16, 1883

established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.

Populist Party

1892 - 1896

a political party formed in 1890 that sought to represent the rights of primarily farmers but eventually all workers in regional and federal elections

Coxey's Army

March 25 1894 - May 1894

an 1894 protest, led by businessman Jacob Coxey, to advocate for public works jobs for the unemployed by marching on Washington, DC

Pullman Strike

May 1894 - July 1894

shut down the nation’s railroad system in the middle of the depression

McKinley POTUS

1896

ended the Populist party

The Progressive Movement

Women's suffrage.
Many went to college, got jobs outside the hime, took up causes, etc. By the turn of the century, a whole movement was in full swing

McKinley assassinated

September 6, 1901

Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot him twice in the abdomen

Roosevelt POTUS

September 14, 1901

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

Meat Inspection Act

1906

NAACP

1909

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

1911

Progressive Party

1912

16th Amendment

February 3, 1913

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on income

17th Amendment

February 3, 1913

direct election of senators

18th Amendment

1920

PROHIBITION BABY

19th Amendment

1920

SUFFRAGE!

Age of Empire: American Foreign Policy

Turner's Frontier hypothesis questioned how Americans would maintain their political culture of they had no frontier to expand upon. This influenced many thinks of the day into saying that the US needed to become an empire and brand international leadership.

Frontier Thesis proposed

1893

US annexes Hawaii

January 17, 1893 - 1898

officially added in 1900

Spanish American War

April 1898 - August 1898

US annexes Puerto Rice

May 12, 1898 - Aug 13, 1898

The culmination of the Puerto Rican Campaign, ratified at the Treaty of Paris

US annexes Phillipines

December 10, 1898

Treaty of Paris and end of the Spanish-American War

Open Door Policy

1899

With China

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Platt Amendment

1901

permitted extensive U.S. involvement in Cuban international and domestic affairs for the enforcement of Cuban independence

Panama Canal

1903 - 1914

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

statement by Theodore Roosevelt that the United States would use military force to act as an international police power and correct any chronic wrongdoing by any Latin American nation threatening the stability of the region

The Great War

Wilson didn't want to join the world war, but as it grew, it became hard to remain neutral. To garner public opinion, the US relied heavily on propoganda

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

June 28, 1914

World War I

Jul 28, 1914 - Nov 11, 1918

Lusitania

May 1, 1915

LIES IT WAS ALL LIES

Poncho Villa attacks Columbia

1916

Zimmerman Telegram

January 16, 1917

US declares war on Germany

April 6, 1917

Fourteen Points

January 8, 1918

Treaty of Versailles

1919

The JAZZ! Age

Following WW1, the US experienced one of the most prosperous decades as mass production skyrocketed. Jazz, speakeasies, dances! Immigrants participated in politics which challenged Protestant fundamentalism. Also, the Klan

Harding POTUS

1920

Teapot Dome Scandal

1923

Harding transferred supervision of the naval oil-reserve lands from the navy to the Department of the Interior in 1921, Fall secretly granted to Harry F. Sinclair of the Mammoth Oil Company exclusive rights to the Teapot Dome (Wyoming) reserves

National Origins Act

1924

Model T sells for $300

1924

Scopes Monkey Trial

July 14, 1925 - July 21, 1925

Lindbergh solos the Atlantic

1927

Sacco and Vanzetti executed

1927

Hoover POTUS

1928

The Great Depression

everything sucked for everyone

Stock Market Crash

October 29, 1929

Great Depression

October 29, 1929 - 1939

Dust Bowl

1930 - 1939

Scottsboro Case

1931

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

1932

Hoover forms it; provided financial support to state and local governments and made loans to banks

Bonus Army

July 28, 1932

Roosevelt POTUS

1933

FDR and the New Deal

The election of FDR signaled immediate relief for the public about the rule of gov. in the economy. He wanted to create jobs and reconfigure the economy

New Deal

1933 - 1938

Southern Tenant Farmers Union

1934

Supreme strikes down New Deal parts

1935

Second New Deal

1935

Fair Labor Standards Act

1938

Recession

1938

War! ...again

Despite the Great Depression, the US got into the WW2. The war stimulated the economy and got America branded as the defender against evil. However, it brought race divisions to the forefront.

World War II

Sep 1, 1939 - Sep 2, 1945

Lend Lease Act

1941

It provided that the president could ship weapons, food, or equipment to any country whose struggle against the Axis assisted U.S. defense

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Fair Employment Practices Commission

1942

Internment of Japanese Americans

February 19, 1942 - March 20, 1946

Battle of Midway

June 4, 1942 - June 7, 1942

Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet

1943

US invades Italy

September 1943

D-Day

June 6, 1944

Iwo Jima and Okinawa

1945

Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet

1945

in Yalta

Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

Nagasaki

August 9, 1945