Civil Rights Timeline

Events

Civil War

1861 - 1865

13th Amendment

1865

Abolishes slavery except as punishment for crime

Reconstruction

1866 - Approx. 1877

14th Amendment

1868

-Equal protections clause
-Birth place citizenship

15th Amendment

1870

Suffrage for all men (really black men)

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

-Separate but equal accommodations
-Term "colorblind" comes from dissent

NAACP Formed

1908

Smith v. Allwright

1944

-Enabled blacks to vote in primaries
-Ended all white primaries

Truman Integrates Military

1948

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

-Integrates schools on the grounds that separate but equal is inherently unequal
-Thurgood Marshall is attorney who wins the case

Brown v. Board of Education (2)

1955

-SC says schools "must integrate with all deliberate speed"
-Integrate as quickly as whites will allow it

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1956

-Rosa Parks
-MLK

1960

1960

-Sit Ins
-JFK
-Freedom Rides : Pit states against federal govt (buses can travel between states and Southern states are mad as all hell)

March on Washington

1963

-MLK March on Washington
-I Have a Dream Speech

JFK Assassination

1963

-Lyndon B. Johnson takes over

Civil Rights Act

1964

-TItle 7: "integrate public establishments" for both blacks and women

Voting Rights Act

1965

-Colored people can vote

Black Panther Party

1968

SNCC

1968

-no whites allowed

Fair Housing Act

1968

-Prohibits discrimination in sale, rental, and financing of dwelling based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

Black Liberation Movement

1968

CORE

1968

-Shift from nonviolent to self-defense

Congress Holds Hearings to Reverse Affirmative Action

1972

Critical Race Theory

1980

Reagan

1980

-Starts conservative revolution