Hitler Timeline - Authoritarian States

For IB History

Rise to Power

Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919 - January 21, 1920

Outline
- War guilt clause
○ Germany had to accept blame
○ Anger/resentment
- Reparations
○ 132 billion gold marks
○ Poverty
○ Value of things went down
- Loss of land and territories
○ 16% of coal mines
○ Half of steel and iron industry
○ Population loss
○ Population resented treaty
○ Lost all colonies
○ 10% of land lost
- Germany army limited to 100,000 men
○ Harder to defend yourself
○ Importance of a strong military to national pride
○ Perceived weakness
Significance

Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

Outline
- Appointed by President von Hindenburg
- Hindenburg was told that he would be able to control Hitler if he was put in a position of power

Reichstag Fire

February 27, 1933

Outline
- Reichstag building set fire
- Hitler blamed the Communists

Enabling Act of 1933

March 23, 1933

Outline
- Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to call an election in March 1933
- Enabling Act won votes in Reichstag 441 votes to 94 through appealing to other parties
Significance
- Hitler now has no constitutional restriction on his authority
END OF RISE TO POWER

Consolidation and Maintenance of Power

Night of the Long Knives

6/30/1934 - 7/2/1934

Outline
- Dismantling of the SA
- Main leaders were killed
Significance

Kristallnacht

November 9, 1938

Outline
- Pogrom against Jewish
- Destroyed Jewish businesses and homes
- Several dozen Jews lose their lives and tens of thousands are arrested and sent to concentration camp
Significance