chile

Events

The first human beings arrived in Chile.

12,000 BC

Tribes become semi and the Chinchorro become the dominant civilization in the area.

8,000 BC

The Chinchorro hunter-gatherers in Chile's atacama desert, begin mummifying their dead.

5000 BC

The first trained plants began arrived in Chile, and trade with tribes Peru and Argentina.

2000 BC

Inhabitants become idle and the Mapuche show as a rare tribe.

200 AD

Tiwanaku Empire of Lago Titicaca's power abate.

1000 AD

The statue (moai) building began on Easter Island.

1100 - 1700

The Incas plunder the north of Chile, their dilation was halted by the Mapuche.

1475

Europeans first arrived in Chile.

1520

Araucanian people usefully abide first Spanish invasion of Chile.

1535

Chile was colonized.

1540

Pedro de valdivia founded Santiago de Chile.

1541

Araucanians capture and kill Valdivia.

1553

Francis Drake attacks Chile during circumnavigation.

1578

All cities south of bio-bio river are destroyed;Destruction Of The 7 cities.

1602

The beginning of the Defensive War phase in the Arauco War.

1612

Peru estimates 30,000-42,000 Spaniards died in Chile after Arauco war.

1664

A Mapuche-Spanish peace treaty is signed at a parliament in Negrete.

1726

HMS Wager is wrecked off the coast of Western Patagonia.

1741

The Spanish empire banishes all Jesuits. Chiloe becomes part of the Vice royalty of Peru.

1767

French Revolution begins.

1789

Spain loses its economic and political power.

1807

Chile declares its independence from Spain.

1810

Fernando Marquez de la Plata became president.

1811

Spain rules over Chile again.

1814

Battle of Chacabuco began.

1817

O’Higgins joins Jose de San Martin

1817

Chilean declaration of independence was signed.

Approx. February 12, 1818 - Approx. April 5, 1818

Manuel Montt liberalises constitution and balances land owners and churches.

1851 - 1861

Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia are at war with Spain.

1866

The War of Pacific began.

1879

The War of Pacific ends with a signing of truce to Bolivia.

1884

Chilean Civil War began and ended.

1891 - 1892

Peru's border with Bolivia is ratified with the Treaty of Polo-Bustamante.

1904

Chile stays neutral during the First World War.

1917 - 1918

Arturo Alessandri is elected president.

1920

Alessandri voluntarily went into exile on September 15, 1924.

1924

Alessandri returned on the condition that constitution be rewritten.

March 20, 1925

Voting rights are continued to men over eighteen.

August 30, 1925

A new constitution is drawn up for Chile.

August 30, 1925

Arturo Alessandri becomes president again.

1932

President Alessandri declared a state-of-siege.

September 5, 1938

Gabriela Mistral awarded Nobel Prize for being the first S- american writer.

1945

Women are granted the right to vote.

1949

General Carlos Ibanez was elected president.

September 4, 1952

Jorge Alessandri was elected president.

September 4, 1952

Eduardo Frei is elected president of Chile.

1964

Socialist Salvador Allende is elected president of Chile.

1970

Pablo Neruda wins the Nobel Prize for being the 2nd chilean writer.

1971

The army led by Augusto Pinochet leads a coup and purges the govt. of Allende.

1973

Pinochet introduces a new constitution.

1980

Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile/Argentina is signed.

1984

After elections Patricio Aylwin becomes president of Chile

1989

Transition period, Patricio Aylwin serves as president.

1990 - 1994

Augusto Pinochet steps down.

1990

Augusto Pinochet is arrested in England.

1998

Chile signs an association agreement with the European Union.

2002

Chile finalizes a free trade agreement with U.S

2003

Chile signs a free trade compliance with South Korea.

2004

Chileans elected first female president, Michelle Bacheletist.

2006

Sebastian Pinera is elected president.

2010