In South Africa, gold and diamonds were discovered in the Transvaal, and Cecil Rhodes, governor of the Cape Colony, wanted those resources. However, the region was controlled by descendants of Dutch settlers known as Boers. Kaiser Wilhem II, seeing the conflict over the Transvaal in South Africa, sent the Kruger Telegram to the Boers. It congratulated the Boers on resisting the British invaders without need of German military assistance. When the telegram was read by the British people, anger swept through Britain, directed at Germany. The massive British forces eventually defeated the Boers in the Boer Wars, and in 1910, the Transvaal, the Orange Free State, Cape Colony, and Natal combined to form South Africa.