The Old Kingdom Lasted from 2700-2000 B.C.E It had a strong centralized government .This time period was known as the “Age of the Pyramids”. They built these tombs for themselves for burial.
Pharaoh Khufu was known as the great pyramid builder. He established a centralized government that controlled the grain supply. He declared himself to be a god. He was the architect of the great pyramid of Giza
The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E, Their first leader was Sargon.
The middle kingdom lasted about 2000 to 1800 B.C.E. is sometimes called “Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity. During this era, Egyptians enjoyed many great achievements in literature, art and architecture
The Pharaoh Senusret | greatest accomplishments were in religious architecture. His achievement is the White chapel. The White chaple had decorated pillars carved into it. Then the White chaple was taken down over time.
Next king to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire is King Hammurabi. Also the is capital city is at Babylon.
The New Kingdom lasted about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E. is often called “Egypt’s Golden Age”. During this time of peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had massive monuments built. Rulers, like Thutmose |||, expanded the empire far up the nile river into modern-day Sudan and into the Levant, Which in the coastal region at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea .
Pharaoh Hatshepsut Greatest accomplishment was her rise to power since few women had ever become Egyptian pharaohs. Initially, she shared power with her male relatives. However she soon achieved sole leadership.
One of Ramses’s greatest projects was the temple complex at Abu Simbel. The main temple was carved into the side of a cliff that was on a bank of the Nile River. A smaller temple honored his favorite wife, Nefertari. Also he and Hittites signed the world’s first peace treaty.
Empire lasted about 300 years, Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched too thin.
The most famous king is Nebuchadnezzar 2, The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted 75 years, A new conqueror named cyrus swept in can took over the land.
Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.
Chandragupta Maurya rose to power in northern India. He seized control of the entire northern part of India. 301 BC Chandragupta decided to become a Jainist monk. To do so he gave up his throne.
Chandragupta's grandson Asoka became king. For many years he watched wars, a few years later he converted into Buddhism. He swore to never fight again. After converting he help his people to live better .
The first Gupta emperor was Candra. His army invaded and conquered neighboring lands.
Candra Gupta II took the throne in India. As time past his empire grow and strengthened. Gupta believed that strict social order of the Hindu caste system would strengthen their rule. Also he thought it would keep the empire stable.