The New Kingdom lasted about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E. is often called “Egypt’s Golden Age”. During this time of peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had massive monuments built. Rulers, like Thutmose |||, expanded the empire far up the nile river into modern-day Sudan and into the Levant, Which in the coastal region at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea .