The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E.Their first leader was Sargon.The Akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formation.This achievement was important because it helped Sargon win territory to expand his empire. The Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture.This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history.
The next king to unite Mesopotamia was Hammurabi and his capital city was Babylonian.The Babylonian political achievement of the code Hammurabi that were laws.This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order.The Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood,gold,silver,precious gems,and livestock.This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.
Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River.The Assyrians Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountains to the west Nile River in Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountains.The Assyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horses,iron weapons for battle,and siege warfares.This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer.The Assyrian cultural achievement of art and architecture.This achievement was important because they created places and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods.Empire lasted about 300 years.The Assyrians Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched too thin.
The Babylonians took control of Mesopotamia.Nebuchadnezzar II was their famous king.The Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia.This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe from invaders.The Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy.This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time.
Candragupta Maurya ruled his empire with the help of complex government.It included a network of spies and a huge army of some 600,000 soldiers.The Mauryan Dynasty - 320 - 185 BC.Candragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan empire.He gave uphis throne to become a jainist monk.
Asoka was a strong ruler from all the Mauryan emperors.Asoka made his own empire and made it wealthier and stronger.Mauryan empire and other kingdoms during his rule.He encouraged the spread of Buddhism in India and the rest of Asia.
He is known for forging alliances with many powerful families in the Ganges region.Under the Gupta's,India was once again united,and it once again became prosperous.He brought most of the northern part of India under his control.They promoted the Buddhist art and built Buddhist temples.They also established a university at Nalanda that became one of Asia's greatest centers for Buddhist studies.