Art History


Abstraction (De Styl, usw)

1917 - 1931

-dutch art movement
-means “the style” in dutch
-founded by Theo van Doesburg
-advocates theory of geometric abstraction
-first to use “concert art”
-big affect on architectural

Abstract/ expressionism (action painting)

1947 - 1950

-refers to general movement
-influenced by Cold War and World War II
- 2 types of abstract expressionist
-”action painters” and “colour-field painters”
-action painting is “dripping thinned paint onto raw canvas laid on the ground using wide and rhythmic sweeps of a large and loaded brush”
-characteristic of all over or “shapeless” in artworks

Kinetic Art

1950 - 1965

-distorts the viewer's perception
-uses geometric shapes
-gives the impression of movement
-emerged from the decline of geometric abstraction
-embraces relationship between art and technology

Pop Art

1955 - 1960

-movement aimed to blur the boundaries between "high" art and "low" culture
-used in the world of advertising, cartoons, and popular imagery at large
-used in comics and has labels and logos

Color field/ post painterly abstraction

1955 - 1965

-these painters rejected the emotionalism of Abstract Expressionism
-didn’t agree on the spirituality and the meaning of art
-linear in design, bright colour, devoid of detail and incident, draws the eye beyond the canvas


1960 - 1965

-also called ABC art, Cool art, Literalist art, Object art, and Primary Structure art
-extremely simple art
-reduced to geometric essentials

Conceptual Art

1960 - 1975

-dematerialized art
-influenced by simplicity of minimalism but not the traditional way of art
-abandoned beauty, rarity, and skill in art
-some create art about art

Op Art

1965 - 1970

-term coined in 1964 by Time magazine
-form of abstract art
-relies on optical illusions
-fool's eye of viewer
-geometrical designs
-Bridget Riley, Victor Vasarely, Peter Sedgley



-located in three-dimensional interior space
-less focused on presenting an aesthetically pleasing object
-makes art a less isolated concept by installing work in everyday places
-defies the art traditional mechanism relating to value