Ancient Civilizations- Mallorie Groppenbacher

Events

The Old Kingdom

2700 B.C.E. - 2200 B.C.E.

2700-2200 B.C.E.
This period was known as the ‘Age of the pyramids’. They established a strong central government and built tombs for their rulers

Pharaoh Kufu

2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Not much was known about Pharaoh Khufu but he was a harsh ruler and he was known for building pyramids. He created a centralized government and controlled the food supply. Kufu declared himself as a god.

Akkadian Empire

2300 B.C.E. - 2100 B.C.E.

The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-state in 2300 B.C.E. Their first leader was Sargon.The Akkadian military achievement of sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations. the Akkadian cultural achievements of their own language and 3d sculptures. This achievement is so important because eventually their language replaced the sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history.This achievement was important because it help sargon win territory to expand him empire.

The Middle Kingdom

2000 B.C.E - 1800 B.C.E

200-1800 B.C.E
Is sometimes called the period of reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity Egyptians enjoyed many great achievement in literature, art, and architecture.

Pharaoh Senusret

1971 B.C.E - 1926 B.C.E

Pharaoh Senusret was a strong leader who ruled a stable and unified Egypt. He controlled mines filled with gold, copper, and gems such as purple amethyst. He had many temples, shrines, and religious monuments constructed and improved. Senusret wanted his memory to live on through his monuments, but few of his buildings survived the passage of time.

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E. - 1595 B.C.E.

The next king to unite mesopotamia after the fall of the Akkadian Empire was Hammurabi and his capital city was Babylon. The Babylonian political achievement of the code of hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order. The Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestocks. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.

The New Kingdom

1600 B.C.E - 1100 B.C.E

1600-1100 B.C.E
Is often called ‘Egypt’s Golden Age’ . Pharaohs increased trade and had massive monuments built. Rulers expanded the empire far up the Nile River into modern-day Sudan.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

1473 B.C.E - 1458 B.C.E

One of Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s greatest accomplishments was her rise to power since few women had ever become Egyptian Pharaohs. Hatshepsut strengthened her position in several ways.
She filled her government with loyal advisers, she demanded the same respect shown to male rulers

Pharaoh Ramses

1290 B.C.E - 1224 B.C.E

Pharaoh Ramses is best known for his military leadership and building numerous monuments. Ramses was also a peacemaker. One of his greatest projects were the temple complex. Ramses demanded more temples and monuments built than any other pharaoh in history.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E. - 612 B.C.E.

Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris river. The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the east Zagros Mountain to the west Nile river and Egypt and to the north Taurus Mountains. The Assyrian military achievement of their new weapons and their war strategies. This achievement was important because it helped them win battles. The Assyrian culture achievements of art and architecture.This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian empire lasted 300 years. The assyrian empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched too thin.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E. - 539 B.C.E.

The babylonians regained control of the lands of mesopotamia after the assyrians. Their most famous king was Nebuchadrezzar II. The Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia. This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe from invaders. The Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy. This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time. The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted 75 years. A new conqueror named Cyrus swept in and took over the land.

Candragupta Maurya

320 B.C.E. - 180 B.C.E.

Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.

Asoka

270 B.C

He became king of the Mauryan dynasty. He improved the lives of his people. He had workers build rest houses for travelers.

Candra Gupta I

320 AD

Gupta’s armies invaded and conquered neighboring lands. He eventually brought much of the northern part of india under his control.

Candra Gupta II

375 AD

He took the throne in India. Gupta society reached its high point during his rule