Ancient Civilizations- Samantha Nelson


Old Kingdom

2700 B.C.E. - 2200 B.C.E.

The old kingdom lasted 2700-2200 B.C.E. .This time period was known as the“Age Of The Pyramids”.They built these pyramids as tombs for themselves for burial. During this time they established a strong centralized government.

Pharaoh Khufu

2551 B.C.E. - 2528 B.C.E.

Pharaoh Khufu ruled from 2,551-2,528 B.C.E. and was known as the architect of a famous pyramid. This pyramid was located in Giza . some historians consider him to be a harsh ruler. He controlled all of the grain supply and created a centralized government.

Akkadian Empire

2300 B.C.E - 2100 B.C.E

The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E . There first leader was Sargon . The Akkadian military achievement is Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations. This achievement was important because it Helped Sargon win territory to expand his empire. The Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3d sculpture. This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculpture created steles to document history.

Middle Kingdom

2000 B.C.E. - 1800 B.C.E.

The middle kingdom lasted 2000-1800 B.C.E.This time period was known as the “Period Of Reunification” because it followed years of chaos and disunity. During this time they Egyptians enjoyed many achievements in literature ,art and architecture.

Pharaoh Senusret

1971 B.C.E. - 1926 B.C.E.

Pharaoh Senusret ruled from 1971-1926 B.C.E. and was known for the white chapel . This chapel was made of alabaster.Some historians think it was originally covered in a thin layer of gold. He controlled mines filled with gold , copper , and gems such as a purple amethyst .

Babylonian Empire

1792 B.C.E - 1595 B.C.E

The next king to unite Mesopotamia after the fall of the akkadian empire was Hammurabi and his capital city was Babylon. The babylonian political achievement is the code of Hammurabi that were laws . This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order. The Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood,, gold , silver , precious gems , and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire's economy and connected them with distant lands.

New Kingdom

1600 B.C.E. - 1100 B.C.E.

The new kingdom lasted 1600-1100 B.C.E. This time period was known as “Egypt's Golden Age” Pharaohs increased trade and had massive monuments built.During this time of peace and stability,ancient Egypts power reached height.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut

1473 B.C.E. - 1458 B.C.E

Pharaoh Hatshepsut ruled from about 1473-1458 B.C.E. and was known as the first female pharaoh. She was known for encouraging trade. One of her greatest accomplishments was her rise to power since few women ever became pharaoh's.

Pharaoh Ramses The Great

1290 B.C.E. - 1224 B.C.E.

Pharaoh Ramses The Great ruled form about 1290-1224 B.C.E.

Assyrian Empire

900 B.C.E - 612 B.C.E

Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the northeast of the Tigris river. The Assyrian empire conquered lands from the east zagros mountains to the west Nile river in Egypt and to north Taurus mountains . The Assyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horses,iron weapons for battle,and siege warfare. This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer. The assyrian cultural achievement of art and architecture. This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian empire lasted about 300 years. The assyrian empire fell because they had too much territory and their army was stretched too thin .

Neo-Babylonian Empire

605 B.C.E - 539 B.C.E

The Babylonians regained control of the land of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians. The most famous king was Nebuchadnezzar. The neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonia. This achievement was important because it kept the capitol safe from invaders. The Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy.

This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time. The neo-Babylonian empire Lasted 75 years. A new conquer named cyrus swept in and took over the land.

Mauryan Empire

320 B.C.E - 184 B.C.E

Candragupta Maurya

320 B.C.E - 301 B.C.E

Founded the Mauryan empire.
Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.


270 B.C.E - 233 B.C.E

Became king of the mauryan empire. Converted to buddhism and started helping his people.

Candra Gupta I (Gupta Empire)

320 A.D - 375 A.D

Became new ruler over india. Built a university for buddist studies.

Candra Gupta II (Gupta Empire)

375 A.D - 500 A.D

Became new ruler over india. Stretched the empire across northern india