This period was known as the “Age of the Pyramids”. They established a strong central government and they built tombs for their rulers
Pharaoh Khufu ruled from 2,551 - 2,528 B.C.E.and was known as the architect of a famous pyramid. This pyramid was located in Giza, some historians consider him to be a harsh ruler. He controlled all of the grain supply and created a centralized government.
The Akkadians conquered the Sumerian city-states around 2300 B.C.E. Their first leader was Sargon. One stele represents the Akkadian military achievement of Sargon assembling large armies and teaching them how to fight in tight formations. This achievement is important because it helped Sargon win territory to expand his empire. This other stele represents the Akkadian cultural achievement of their own language and 3D sculpture. This achievement was important because eventually their language took the place of Sumerian language and their sculptures created steles to document history. The Akkadian Empire lasted 200 years and fell because the territory became to large to control.
This period was known for “Period of Reunification”. They followed the years of chaos and disunity.
Pharaoh Senusret I ruled from 1971 - 1926 B.C.E and was known for art, literature, and architecture flourished during his reign. Some historians considered him being kind and not very harsh. He controlled mines filled with gold, copper, and gems such as purple amethyst. Some of the greatest literature were written during Senusret reign
One stele represents the Babylonian political achievement of the code of Hammurabi that were laws. This achievement was important because the laws unified his empire to preserve order. This other stele represents the Babylonian economic achievement of trade in grain and woven cloth for wood, gold, silver, precious gems, and livestock. This achievement was important because it helped build the empire’s economy and connected them with distant lands.
This period was known for “Egypt’s Golden Age”. Peace and stability, ancient Egypt reached its height.
Pharaoh Hatshepsut ruled from 1473 - 1458 B.C.E. and was known for encouraging trade. One of her greatest accomplishments was her to rise to power since few women could ever be pharaohs. She was very kind and she filled her government with loyal advisers. She always demanded to show the same respect on male pharaohs.
Pharaoh Ramses II ruled from 1290 - 1224 B.C.E. and was known for military leadership and building numerous monuments. One of his greatest accomplishments was the temple complex at Abu Simbel. Ramases demanded more temples and monuments built than any other Pharaoh in history. When he died he was buried in a tomb that he had ordered workers to construct solely for him.
Assyria was located in Mesopotamia to the Northeast of the Tigris River. The Assyrian Empire conquered lands from the East Zagros Mountains to the West Nile River in Egypt and to the North Taurus Mountain. One stele represents the Assyrian military achievement of perfecting the use of horses, iron weapons for battle, and siege warfare. This achievement was important because they came up with new ways to push people out of lands they wanted to conquer. This other stele represents the Assyrian Cultural achievement of art and architecture. This achievement was important because they created palaces and sculptures to honor their kings that they treated like gods. The Assyrian Empire lasted about 300 years. The Assyrian Empire fell because they had too much territory to control and their army was stretched too thin.
The Babylonians regained control of the lands of Mesopotamia after the Assyrians. Their most famous king was Nebuchadnezzar ll. One stele represents the Neo-Babylonian military achievement of building walls around Babylonian. This achievement was important because it kept the capital safe from invaders. This other stele represents the Neo-Babylonian cultural achievement of mathematics and astronomy. This achievement was important because they created the sundial that allowed them to tell time. The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted 75 years. A new conqueror named Cyrus swept in can took over the land.
Founded the Mauryan empire. Gave up his throne to become a Jainist monk.
Asoka converted into Buddhism when he did he swore he wouldn’t launch any conquests.
They supported the religious beliefs of Buddhism and Jainism.
They created the fine works of art and literature.