Wolpe

Historical Events

Wölpe first mentioned specifically by Bishop Heinrich of Minden.

1151

The Bishop Heinrich of Minden visited, translated from latiin, “Castro church, named Wilipa".

Bishop of Minden and the Counts of Wölpe shared common property.

Approx. 1238

The Count sold Otto von Wölpe the county.

1301

The Duke Otto II of Braunschweig and Lüneburg established an office for the Calenberg region in the castle.

1302

Destroyed in a fire.

1315

Duke Erich I rebuilt Wölpe castle (in the context of Hildesheim's penal feud and Rottdorf's Feud).

1534

Conquered by Tilly during the 30 years’ war.

1625

The castle hill was the site of the county office.

1649

A prison is within the county office (from an inscription).

1729

Removal of the county office.

1859

The buildings were demolished, the hill forested and the moat filled.

1876

Research History

The idea to expose the historical castle evolved.

2009

Idea evolved with a group of like-minded people whom wanted to share their local pride with the public.

Non- destructive methods to provide the foundations for archaeological excavation were undertaken.

2011

Through geomagnetically surveying the hill and using ground penetrating radars and electrical resistivity to survey the castle plateau.

Excavation

2012 - 2015

The Museum of Neinburg, the municipal archaeological department, Wölper Burghügel, and students from the University of Regensburg excavated on the top of and down the side of the hill of the Wölpe castle in 4-6-week campaigns. They excavated a two-metre-wide, 46.5 metre trench on the north slope. Within this trench a stone foundation from the 12th or early 13th century at the edge of the plateau, several layers of wood within the mound, a coat of arms on an inscription stone from the 1600’s with the motto of the Philip Sigismund of Verden and Osnabrück, from the house of the Guelph.

ANU Campaign

September 4, 2017 - September 22, 2017