The earliest record of forensic science being applied came in this time period.
Guilt/Innocence under Torture
~1500 - ~1600
People accused of crimes would be subject to torture. They believed that those who were guilty would confess and God would give those who were innocent the strength to resist the torture pains.
Carl W. Scheele (Swedish Chemist)
Devised a test for identifying Arsenic, also known as the inheritance powder in dead bodies
Discovered a more accurate method of detecting small amounts of Arsenic
Known as the father of Forensic Toxicology published an article on detecting poison and its effects
First use of toxicological evidence in a criminal trial
First Microscopic detection of sperm
Sperm was discovered in 1839
1850 - 1860
Allowed for more precise recording of Forensic History and cases
Presumptive Blood Testing
First presumptive test for blood was given
Alphonse Bertillon introduced this, also known as anthropometry, it was a system of identifying people based on physical appearance. At that time, it was known as the most accurate method of the identification of people.
1887 - 1893
One of the most influential fictional characters known for precise observation. His influence is similar to CSI shows today
He was an austrian who published the first book of criminal investiagtion using Forensic Science. The book was called "Criminal Investigation"
1900 - 1999
He was known as the father of Modern Microscopy
ABO Blood typing
ABO blood typing was discovered by Karl Lansteiner in 1901
Will West Case
This case marked the end of anthropometry because it misidentified two men who had similar Bertillon's measurements.
Edmond Locard created the Locard's exchange principle. Edmond Locard also started the first known police crime lab
LAPD Crime Lab
In 1923, the Los Angeles Police department crime lab was established and it was the first in the United States
FBI National Laboratory
in 1932, the FBI National Laboratory was open under Director J. Edgar Hoover
FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center
in 1981, the FBI Forensic science research and training center opens