Forensics History

Events

Carl W. Scheel

1775

(Swedish Chemist)
-devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses

Valentin Ross

1806

German who discovered more precise method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic.

Mathieu Orilla

1814

Spanish man who published article on detection of poisons and effects
-aka known as "Father of Forensic Toxicology"

Polarizing microscope invented

1828

First Microscope Detection of Sperm

1839

1st Use of Toxicological Evidence in Criminal Trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

-allowed more accurate recording

1st Presumptive Test For Blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillon

1879

-French man who introduced Bertillon's System (aka Anthropometry)
-system for identifying people by physical appearance
-considered to be most accurate method of personal identification for nearly two decades
-replaced by fingerprinting in 1903

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

(fictional)

"Jack the Ripper"

1888

London terrorized by serial killer.

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

-Austrian published the first book of criminal investigation for Forensic Science

ABO Blood Typing

1901

-discovered by Karl Osborn

Will West Case

1903

-two men that had same exact measurements and looked identical
-ended Anthropometry

"Questioned Documents"

1910

-published by Albert Osborn
-handwriting analysis "forgery"

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

-by French Edmond Locard
-when two objects come into contact with each other, a cross transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim of the crime scene.
-Locard also started first known police crime lab.

Walter McCrone

1916 - 2002

-"Father of Modern Microscopy"

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

1923

-first in United States

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

-led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

-opens under Director J. Edgar Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center

1981