History of ED


President Andrew Johnson signed legislation to create first Department of Education


Budget of $15,000 and only four employees

Johnson demotes the new Department to an Office of Education

Approx. 1868

Political and social changes result in expansion of federal funding for education

1950 - 1959

Successful launch of Sputnik suprred nationwide concern that led to increased aid for science education programs


"War on Poverty" led to creation of many programs to improve education for poor students at all levels

1960 - 1969

Congress passed the Department of Education Organization Act

October 1979

Department has nearly 4,300 employees and budget of about $60 billion