Czech History

Events

Czechoslovakia is formed

10-28-1918

Following this the country became one of ten most developed countries in the world. A 20 year period of prosperity began.

The Germans occupy Czechoslovakia

3-15-1939 - 5-9-1945

The War ends and Czechoslovakia becomes part of the Soviet Sphere

5-9-1945

After the war the ex-government returned and new elections were held in 194615. However, the culture of the country was drastically changed. Almost all the Jews died or fled44. Many people from Romania, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union settled in the area44. By 1950 most of the citizens of German decent had left the country44.

Communists take control

2-25-1948

Political and human rights were suppressed during this period.

Prague Spring

January 5, 1968 - August 21, 1968

In 1968 the communist party attempted to humanize the regime in what they called “Prague Spring”, but a soviet-led invasion in August put an end to that.

Velvet Revolution

17 November 1989 - 29 December 1989

After many mass protests the Communist regime was overthrown in November 1989 and Vaclav Havel was elected President of the republic. This revolution is called the “Velvet Revolution” because it was nearly bloodless.

Czech Republic is formed

1-1-1993

A Slovak nationalist movement began and on January 1st, 1993 Czechoslovakia was split into present day Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Joined the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

12-21-1995

Joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

3-12-1999

Joined the European Union

5-1-2004