Following this the country became one of ten most developed countries in the world. A 20 year period of prosperity began.
After the war the ex-government returned and new elections were held in 194615. However, the culture of the country was drastically changed. Almost all the Jews died or fled44. Many people from Romania, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union settled in the area44. By 1950 most of the citizens of German decent had left the country44.
Political and human rights were suppressed during this period.
In 1968 the communist party attempted to humanize the regime in what they called “Prague Spring”, but a soviet-led invasion in August put an end to that.
After many mass protests the Communist regime was overthrown in November 1989 and Vaclav Havel was elected President of the republic. This revolution is called the “Velvet Revolution” because it was nearly bloodless.
A Slovak nationalist movement began and on January 1st, 1993 Czechoslovakia was split into present day Czech Republic and Slovakia.