History of Forensic Science

Events

Torture Days

1 AD - 1601

A suspected guilty party would have to confess under torture, while "God" would give a supposedly innocent party the strength to 
not die

Earliest Record of Forensic Science

201 - 300

This marked the discovery of the fact that death by asphyxiation cause the inside of the lungs to be blackened. Happened in China during the third century.

The Inheritance Powder

1775

Carl W. Scheele created a test for finding Arsenic in corpses due to its recent rise in popularity in assassinations.

19th Century Advancements

1801 - 1900

Allowed ME's to determine the cause of deaths and microscopes were invented which allowed for the dicovery of more physical evidence.

Better Arsenic detection

1806

A German woman by the name of Valentin Ross discovered a more precise way to find trace amounts of arsenic

Father of Forensic Toxicology

1814

A Spanish man by the name of Mathieu Orilla published an article on the detection of poisons and their effects

Polarizing Microscope Invented

1828

Polarising microscopy involves the use of polarised light to investigate the optical properties of various specimens. it had recently become more widely used in medical and biological research fields.

First Microscopic Sperm

1839

The first time someone looked at sperm under a microscope

First use of Toxicological Evidence in a Criminal Trial

1839

Photographs

1850 - 1860

The invention of cameras allowed more accurate recording

First Presumptive Test for Blood

1863

Bertillon's System

1879 - 1903

Introduced by Alphonse Bertillon and was a system for identifying people by their physical appearancewas considered to be the most accurate method of personal identiication for nearly 2 decades

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most influential fictional character created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his influence can be compared to moder CSI shows like NCIS.

Jack the Ripper

1888

Local London Terrorizer

Criminal Investigation

1893

An Austrian man named Hans Gross published the first book of criminal investigation using forensic science.

ABO Blood Typing

1901

Discovered by Karl Landsteiner

Walter McCrone

1901 - 2000

Father of Moder Microscopy

Fingerprinting

1903

Became officially recognized because of 1903 Will West case

Will West case

1903

Case of misidentification of two men  whose 
Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical.  
It led to the end of Anthropometry.

Questioned Documents

1910

First look at hand writing analysis

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

Created by Edmond Locard this principle states that whenever two things come into contact with each other there is an exchange in materials whether it be hair or something else.

First Crime Lab in U.S.

1923

Los Angeles PD Crime Lab

U.C. Berkeley Criminalistics Department

1930

Led By Dr Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

Opens Under Director j. Edgar Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research and Training Center opens

1981