The earliest record of application of forensic science took place in 3rd century in China
Confession Under Torture
Jan, 1601 - Dec, 1700
Guilty people would confess under
torture, while God would give an
innocent person the strength to
resist the pain.
The Arsenic Test
Carl W. Scheele devised a test for detecting Arsenic in corpses, commonly known as Inheritance Powder
Valentin Ross Discovery
Valentin Ross (German) discovered more precise
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic
Mathieu Orilla Article Published
Mathieu Orilla (Spanish) aka 'Father of Forensic
Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and
Polarizing Microscope invented
1st Use of Toxicological Evidence in Criminal Trial
First Microscopic Detection of Sperm
1850 - 1860
These allowed more accurate recording
1st Presumptive Test for Blood
Alphonse Bertillon (French) introduced the Bertillon's system (aka Anthropometry)
1887 - 1893
The most inluential ictional character created
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows today.
Jack the Ripper
London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"
Hans Gross Published
"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross (Austrian)
published; the 1st book of criminal investigation using forensic science
ABO Blood Typing Discovered
ABO blood typing was discovered by Karl Landsteiner
He is referred to as the 'Father of Modern Microscopy'
Will West Case
Case of misidentiication of two men whose
Bertillon's measurements were nearly identical which led to the end of Anthropometry.
"Questioned Documents" published by Albert Osborn
Locard's Exchange Principle
It was by Edmond Locard and stated when 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal suspect to the victim or the crime scene. Locard also started the first known police crime lab.
Los Angeles PD Crime Lab
It was the first in USA.
University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics Department
It was led by Dr. Paul Kirk
FBI National Laboratory
It opened under Director J. Edgar
FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens