Forensic Timeline

Events

First Forensic"Diagnosis

200 AD

The earliest record of application of forensic science, was in 3rd century China when a woman claimed her husband rushed back into a burning house to save items, and died within the fire. Later, the town coroner conducted an experiment involving burning pigs alive, and dead. He noticed the pigs that died of smoke inhalation, had dirty lungs, whereas already dead pigs had clean lungs. The charred corpse has clean lungs, and the woman was found guilty, and was later hung.

How Forensic "Testing" Would Be Done

1500 AD - 1600 AD

Before the 17th century, guilty person would confess under torture, while God would give an innocent person the strength to resist the pain.

Invention of the Inheritance Powder

1775

Carl W. Scheele devised a test for detecting arsenic in corpses

Medical Advancement

1800 - 1809

Medical advancements (allowed MEs to determine cause of deaths)

Invention of Microscope

1800 - 1809

Allowed for the discovery of more physical 
evidence

Chemical tests

1806

(allowed for detection of concealed evidence)

Valentin Ross

1806

Discovered more precise 
method for detecting small amounts of Arsenic

Mathieu Orilla

1814

aka 'Father of Forensic 
Toxicology' published article on detection of poisons and 
effects

Polarizing Microscope invented

1828

First microscopic detection of  sperm

1839

1st use of toxicological evidence in criminal trial

1839

Photographs

1850

Allowed for more precise evidence and telling

1st presumptive test for blood

1863

Alphonse Bertillion introduced Antropometry

1879 - 1903

 A system for identifying people by their physical appearance
 Was the most accurate method of personal identification for nearly 2 decades
 Replaced by fingerprinting in 1903

Sherlock Holmes

1887 - 1893

The most inluential ictional character  created 
by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; his inluence 
can be compared to that of the modern CSI shows 
today.

Jack the Ripper

1888 - 1891

London terrorized by a serial killer "Jack the Ripper"

"Criminal Investigation" by Hans Gross

1893

the 1st book of criminal investigation using 
forensic science

Walter McCrone

1900 - 1909

Father of Modern Microscopy

ABO Blood Typing

1901

discovered by Karl Landsteiner

Will West Case

1903

A freak occurrence where 2 random men unknowingly disproved the "accuracy" of Antropometry

Questioned Documents

1910

Published by Albert Osborn

Locard's Exchange Principle

1913

When 2 objects come into contact with each other, a cross‑
transfer of materials occurs that can connect a criminal 
suspect to the victim or the crime scene.  Locard also started 
the first known police crime lab

Los Angeles Crime Lab

1923

First ever in the U.S

University of California at Berkeley Criminalistics  Department

1930

led by Dr. Paul Kirk

FBI National Laboratory

1932

opens under Director J. Edgar 
Hoover

FBI Forensic Science Research & Training Center opens

1981